Quran Code: 
MAL
Surah Number: 
5
Ayah Number: 
120
To Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He has power over everything.
Comment URL: 
library/quran/surah/english/5/MAL

Fatal errors and flagrant

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Fatal errors and flagrant false beliefs in the Translation of the Qur'an by Muhammad Asad
4- Why was the translation mentioned above published in a Muslim country taking into account that Muhammad Asad - to my knowledge - is living in the Kingdom of Morocco? I find nothing in the Qur'an or the Sunnah to support the issues mentioned in it. I hope that your fatwa will back me up to refute these matters and prevent the publication of this translation here.
A: The translation referred to contains fatal errors and flagrant false beliefs. As a result, the Constitutional Council of the Muslim World League in Mecca issued a decree banning the print and publication of this translation.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and 'Ifta
Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
Source : Fatwas of Permanent Committee>Group 1>Volume 3: `Aqidah 3>Prophets>`Eisa (peace be upon him)>The translation of the Glorious Qur'an by Muhammad Asad
Also Check :
Fatwas of Permanent Committee>Group 1>Volume 3: `Aqidah 3>Prophets>`Eisa (peace be upon him)>The status of the Prophet `Eisa (peace be upon him) according to the Qur'an and Sunnah
Fatwa no. 2190
Q: We were informed that a translation of the Qur'an by Muhammad Asad would be published soon in Dublin, Ireland. This translation will be distributed here. A committee, from among Indian Muslim Professors, has been formed to publish this translation. Muhammad Asad alleges in his translation that prophet 'Eisa (Jesus) died and that the Muslims' belief in his return is not true.....read here

Muslims in Mumbai and other parts of India should beware of this translation. It is being sold by Dr. Zakir Naik's organization for Rs. 1148. Other bookstores are also probably selling it. The book is named "The Message of the Qur'an" and the publisher is ASN. Check - IRF_books.JPG

There is probably no

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There is probably no translation in existence which any scholar would agree with 100% of it.  The simple fact of the matter is that the Quran cannot really be translated.  Any translation is an attempt by the translator to put into another language what they understood from the Arabic i.e. a translation of an understanding of a meaning.

Hence Asad's translation, along with every other translation, is bound to have errors.  Part of the function of Alim.org is to allow for people to annotate and discuss translations so that flaws can be revealed and made known.  So you would theoretically have more of an organic translation rather than a static one.

It's naive to assume that because some ulema gave a fatwa you can prevent the distribution of a literary work.  This is due to a plethora of different reasons not least of which is the fact that the ummah is not unified on which scholarship they follow.  Hence, what would actually be beneficial to people, rather than the above post, would be to find the various places in the Asad translation which you understand to be problematic or incorrect and post comments on those pages explaining why there is a problem.  That would actually provide valuable knowledge and discussion.

Of course, that also requires more effort than simply lambasting the entire translation.  Nonetheless, the ajar is there for the taking for anyone who chooses to do so.

assasalaamualaikum this is a

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assasalaamualaikum this is a good question. This aayat was actually sent down on a specific occasion.  The famous commentator of the quran
Ibn jareer has related from Ikramah (RA) that when Rasulullah (SAW) came to madinah he had a treaty with the Jews that they would protect each other.  
meaning the muslims would protect the jews and the jews would protect the muslims. unfortunately the jews went against this and secretly invited the mushrikeen makkah to their fort to plan some treachery againt the muslims.  On this the ayat was sent down to warn the muslims against becoming close to the jews and the christians as they had proven themselves not worthy of trust.

Now if we look at the issue of freindship with the jews and christians in the light of the quran and sunnah in a more general manner the we would have to see what the ending verdict of the quran is by looking at all the aayaat.  Asad probably gave the commentary of "those who are hostile" indicating toward the ayat#8 in
sura mumtahinah(60) which states

           "Allah does not forbid you in regards to those who did not fight you on account of faith and did not expel you  from your houses, that you do good to them and deal justly with them. Surely allah loves those who maintainjustice"

Her we can see clearly that if a non-muslim is good to us it only right for us to do good back to them.  this is not only allowed but loved by Allah as we see in the ayat. In regards to the ayat in sura maaidah there are other aayaat in the quran of the same nature which may make a muslim feel that according to the quran I cannot befriend a non muslim.  If we ponder over theword used in all of these aayaat "awliyah" then we will come to notice that Allah is speaking of a certain type of relationship which because of the vastness of the arabic language and for lack of a better term has been translated as friendship. But in the arabic language there are actually many other words which are used to express a type of
relationship. Here are some of them to make it more clear for us.

1.MUWAALAAT-This is such a friendship that makes the twofriends so close to each other that the aims and objectives of their
lives become one and united.  this type of friendship is totally prohibited in Islam.  The objectives of a muslim are different
then a non muslim. unfortunately many muslims have developed this type of relationship which has caused them to go far from
Islam.
2.MUWAASAAT-this can be defined as sympathy and cooperation in lawful matters.   this was talked about already in the ayat
above in sura mumtahinah
3.MUDAARAAT-this is courtesy.  this is allowed with all non muslims, even those who have enmity with muslims with the intention
of bringing them closer to islam. this happens when they are ones guests, visitors or neighbors.  In the seerat of the
prophet and the history of islam many enemies of islam have become muslims because of this.  
4.MUAAMALAAT-this is commercial transactions. this is also permissable with all non muslims as long as it is not against the interest
of the muslims and are in compliance with the dictates of sharia.

Jazakallah for your detailed

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Jazakallah for your detailed and helpful explanation.

I also found a lecutre by Nouman Ali Khan on youtube about friendship in Islam where he explained this topic similarly.

I was preparing a talk on the subject for a group of teenage girls who wanted to know about the parameters of friendship allowed in Islam with non-Muslims.

Question:In regards to verses

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Question:
In regards to verses 51 and 57, about not taking Jews and Christians as protecting friends or allies, Asad is the only commentator who explains that this refers to those who are hostile to Islam and Muslims and not to all Christians and Jews. Even Maududi does not explain this. If these verses (and others like it) do no refer to all unbelievers, why is that not clearly explained?

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