Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith - 2.72

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Narrated Aisha

Abu Bakr came to my house while two small Ansari girls were singing beside me the stories of the Ansar concerning the Day of Buath. And they were not singers. Abu Bakr said protestingly, "Musical instruments of Satan in the house of Allah's Apostle !" It happened on the 'Id day and Allah's Apostle said, "O Abu Bakr! There is an 'Id for every nation and this is our 'Id."

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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 2 weeks ago
A study of this hadith leads us to the following conclusions. 1. The two girls were minors. The term jaariyataan which Hadhrat Aisha (RA) uses to describe the girls confirms that the girls were minors (na-baaligh). 2. The girls were singing a war song. 3. Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) had sternly rebuked Hadhrat Aisha (RA) for allowing the two minor girls to sing even the war song. 4. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) stated an exception, i.e. the Day of Eid. 5. Hadhrat Aisha (RA) terminated the singing of the girls on the reprimand of her father, hence she indicated to the girls to depart. 6. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) made no attempt to encourage her to continue listening to the singing of the two little girls. 7. The departure of the two girls was most significant. 8. Inspite of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) having said: ‘Leave them.’ they had stopped their singing after hearing Hadhrat Abu Bakr’s rebuke. No one had made an attempt for the continuation of the singing. It is clear from this hadith that Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) might have been aware of the prohibition of musical instruments. Therefore, he was surprised at this incident. Furthermore, Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), with his silence, approved of the action of Hadhrat Aisha (RA) of stopping the singing and indicating the girls to leave and he did not encourage Hadhrat Aisha (RA) to keep listening. Reference to the ‘Day of Eid’ clearly implies that this is an exception to the general rule of prohibition of musical instruments. If this is not taken as an exception it would be meaningless for the Prophet (S) to say that “It is our Eid today”. Analysing the hadith further, we see that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had turned his back to the singing girls and covered himself with a blanket. According to Islamic Shariah, this indicates non-participation of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Therefore, he did not sit as an audience. Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)’s silence indicates that he did not approve of music even on occasions on which he granted (Day of Eid and Marriages) and the proof for this is that the Prophet (S) did not permit musical instruments to be used on his marriages or on the marriages of his daughters. Prior to this incident, the Sahaba were aware of the prohibition of musical instruments and after this incident, became aware that the Day of Eid was an exception. The reaction of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) was very significant. He did not counter the comments made by Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) that about the satanic musical instruments. Furthermore, Hadhrat Aisha (RA) clarifies in Sahih Bukhari that these girls were not professional singers. Therefore, it implies that musical instruments are prohibited whether they are being used by professionals or not. Also, people quote the ahadith that Hadhrat Aisha (RA) narrated of her childhood. If they read the statements and narrations that she made later in her life, the prohibition of music would become obvious. For more information, I may be contacted at http://islamicb.blogspot.com/
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  Syed Husain   in reply to Imad-ud-din Saqib 
  9 years 2 weeks ago
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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 2 weeks ago
Okay. I'll find the reference because I've forgotten. Though I remember that the complete version is in Sahih Muslim. I'll post it son, inshallah!
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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 2 weeks ago
The complete version is in Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Hadith 70: http://alim.org/library/hadith/SHB/70/2
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  Syed Husain   in reply to Imad-ud-din Saqib 
  9 years 2 weeks ago
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