Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith - 9.72

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Narrated Itban bin Malik

Narrated:

Abu 'Abdur-Rahman and Hibban bin 'Atiyya had a dispute. Abu 'Abdur-Rahman said to Hibban, "You know what made your companions (i.e. 'Ali) dare to shed blood." Hibban said, "Come on! What is that?" 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Something I heard him saying." The other said, "What was it?" 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Ali said, 'Allah's Apostle sent for me, Az-Zubair and Abu Marthad, and all of us were cavalry men,' and said, 'Proceed to Raudat-Hajj (Abu Salama said that Abu 'Awana called it like this, i.e., Hajj) where there is a woman carrying a letter from Hatib bin Abi Balta'a to the pagans (of Mecca). So bring that letter to me.' So we proceeded riding on our horses till we overtook her at the same place of which Allah's Apostle had told us. She was traveling on her camel. In that letter Hatib had written to the Meccans about the proposed attached of Allah's Apostle against them. We asked her, 'Where is the letter which is with you?' She replied, 'I haven't got any letter.' So we made her camel kneel down and searched her luggage, but we did not find anything. My two companions said, 'We do not think that she has got a letter.' I said, We know that Allah's Apostle has not told a lie."

Then 'Ali took an oath saying, "By Him by Whom one should swear! You shall either bring out the letter or we shall strip off your clothes." She then stretched out her hand for her girdle (round her waist) and brought out the paper (letter). They took the letter to Allah's Apostle. 'Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! (Hatib) has betrayed Allah, His Apostle and the believers; let me chop off his neck!" Allah's Apostle said, "O Hatib! What obliged you to do what you have done?" Hatib replied, "O Allah's Apostle! Why (for what reason) should I not believe in Allah and His Apostle? But I intended to do the (Mecca) people a favor by virtue of which my family and property may be protected as there is none of your companions but has some of his people (relatives) whom Allah urges to protect his family and property." The Prophet said, "He has said the truth; therefore, do not say anything to him except good." 'Umar again said, "O Allah's Apostle! He has betrayed Allah, His Apostle and the believers; let me chop his neck off!" The Prophet said, "Isn't he from those who fought the battle of Badr? And what do you know, Allah might have looked at them (Badr warriors) and said (to them), 'Do what you like, for I have granted you Paradise?' " On that, 'Umar's eyes became flooded with tears and he said, "Allah and His Apostle know best."

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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 23 weeks ago
A study of this hadith leads us to the following conclusions. 1. The two girls were minors. The term jaariyataan which Hadhrat Aisha (RA) uses to describe the girls confirms that the girls were minors (na-baaligh). 2. The girls were singing a war song. 3. Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) had sternly rebuked Hadhrat Aisha (RA) for allowing the two minor girls to sing even the war song. 4. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) stated an exception, i.e. the Day of Eid. 5. Hadhrat Aisha (RA) terminated the singing of the girls on the reprimand of her father, hence she indicated to the girls to depart. 6. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) made no attempt to encourage her to continue listening to the singing of the two little girls. 7. The departure of the two girls was most significant. 8. Inspite of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) having said: ‘Leave them.’ they had stopped their singing after hearing Hadhrat Abu Bakr’s rebuke. No one had made an attempt for the continuation of the singing. It is clear from this hadith that Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) might have been aware of the prohibition of musical instruments. Therefore, he was surprised at this incident. Furthermore, Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), with his silence, approved of the action of Hadhrat Aisha (RA) of stopping the singing and indicating the girls to leave and he did not encourage Hadhrat Aisha (RA) to keep listening. Reference to the ‘Day of Eid’ clearly implies that this is an exception to the general rule of prohibition of musical instruments. If this is not taken as an exception it would be meaningless for the Prophet (S) to say that “It is our Eid today”. Analysing the hadith further, we see that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had turned his back to the singing girls and covered himself with a blanket. According to Islamic Shariah, this indicates non-participation of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Therefore, he did not sit as an audience. Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)’s silence indicates that he did not approve of music even on occasions on which he granted (Day of Eid and Marriages) and the proof for this is that the Prophet (S) did not permit musical instruments to be used on his marriages or on the marriages of his daughters. Prior to this incident, the Sahaba were aware of the prohibition of musical instruments and after this incident, became aware that the Day of Eid was an exception. The reaction of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) was very significant. He did not counter the comments made by Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) that about the satanic musical instruments. Furthermore, Hadhrat Aisha (RA) clarifies in Sahih Bukhari that these girls were not professional singers. Therefore, it implies that musical instruments are prohibited whether they are being used by professionals or not. Also, people quote the ahadith that Hadhrat Aisha (RA) narrated of her childhood. If they read the statements and narrations that she made later in her life, the prohibition of music would become obvious. For more information, I may be contacted at http://islamicb.blogspot.com/
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  Syed Husain   in reply to Imad-ud-din Saqib 
  9 years 23 weeks ago
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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 23 weeks ago
Okay. I'll find the reference because I've forgotten. Though I remember that the complete version is in Sahih Muslim. I'll post it son, inshallah!
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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 23 weeks ago
The complete version is in Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Hadith 70: http://alim.org/library/hadith/SHB/70/2
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  Syed Husain   in reply to Imad-ud-din Saqib 
  9 years 23 weeks ago
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