Timeline

12th Century (1100-1199) C.E.
1101 

Death or the Fatimid Caliph Al Mustaali, accession of Al Aamir.


1105 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiaruk, accession Of Muhammad.


1106 

Death of the AI Motavid Yusuf b Tashfin.


1107 

Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arsalan, succession of Malik Shah.


1108 

Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin, accession of Yahya.


1116 

Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah. accession of Rukn ud Din Masud.


1118 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad; accession of Mahmud II. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustahzir, accession of Mustarshid. In Spain the Christians capture Saragossa.


1121 

Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Aamir, accession of AI Hafiz.


1127 

Imad ud Din Zangi establishes the Zangi rule In Mosul.


1128 

Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad; accession of Atsiz.


1130 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II; accession of Tughril Beg II.


1134 

Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph Mustarshid; accession of Al Rashid. Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg II, accession of Masud.


1135 

Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph AI Rashid, accession of AI Muktafi.


1144 

Imad ud Din Zangi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade.


1146 

Death of Imad ud Din Zangi, accession of Nur ud Din Zangi.


1147 

In the Maghrib AI Moravids overthrown by the Al Mohads under Abul Mumin.


1148 

End of the Zirid rule' in North Africa.


1149 

Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Hafiz, accession of AI Zafar.


1152 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Masud, accession of Malik Shah II. Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa.


1153 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I1, accession of Muhammad II.


1154 

Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Zafar, accession of AI Faiz.


1156 

Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Rukn ud Din Masid, accession of Arsalan II.


1159 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad II, accession of Gulaiman.


1160 

Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Mukta, accession of Al Mustanjid. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Faiz, accession of Al Azzid.


1161 

Death of the Seljuk Sulaiman, accession of Arsalan Shah.


1163 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abul Mumin, accession of Abu Yaqub Yusuf.


1170 

Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustanjid, accession of Al Mustazii.


1171 

Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Azzid. End of the Fatimids. Salah ud Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt.


1172 

Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan, accession of Sultan Shah.


1173 

The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah.


1174 

Salah ud Din annexes Syria.


1175 

The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni.


1176 

Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arsalan Shah, accession of Tughril Beg III.


1179 

Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Mustazaii, accession of AI Nasir. Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar.


1185 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abu Yaqub Yusuf, accession of Abu Yusuf Yaqub.


1186 

The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznvaids in the Punjab.


1187 

Salah ud Din wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade.


1191 

Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids.


1193 

Death of Salah ud Din; accession of Al Aziz. Second battleof Tarain.


1194 

Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims. End of the Seljuk rule.


1199 

Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din. Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub; accession of Muhammad Nasir. Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids.


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