Timeline

13th Century (1200-1299) C.E.
1202 

Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghias ud Din; accession of Mahmud.


1204 

Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks.


1206 

Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri. Qutb ud Din Aibik crowned king in Lahore.


1210 

Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan MahmUd, accession of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of Aram Shah in India.


1211 

End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish.


1212 

Battle of AI Uqab in Spain, end of the AI Mohad rule in Spain. The AI Mohads suffer defeat by the Christians in Spain at the Al-Uqba. The AI Mohad Sultan An Nasir escapes to Morocco where he dies soon after. Accession of his son Yusuf who takes over title of AI Mustansir.


1214 

In North Africa death of the AI Mohad ruler Al Nasir, accession of Al Mustansir. The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq occupy the north eastern part of Morocco.


1216 

The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The AI Mohads suffer defeat by the Marinids at the battle of Nakur. The Banu Marin defeat the AI Mobads at the battle of Nakur.


1217 

The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed and the Marinids evacuate Morocco. In the battle of Sibu the Marinids suffer defeat; their leader Abdul Haq is killed and they evacuate Morocco.


1218 

Death of the Ayyubid ruler AI Adil, accession of AI Kamil. The Marinids return to Morocco under their leader Othman and occupy Fez.


1220 

Death of the Khawarzam Shah Ala ud Din, accession of Jalal ud Din Mangbarni.


1222 

Death of the Zangi ruler Nasir ud Din Mahmud, power captured by Badr ud Din Lulu.


1223 

Death of the Al Mohad ruler Muntasir, accession of Abdul Wahid. Death of Yusuf AI Mustansir, accession of Abdul Wahid in Morocco.. In Spain a brother of Yusuf declares his independence and assumes the title of AI Adil. In Spain Abu Muhammad overthrows AI Adil. AI Adil escapes to Morocco and overthrows Abdul Wahid.


1224 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abdul Wahid, accession of Abdullah Adil.


1225 

Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Nasir, accession of AI Mustansir.


1227 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abdullah Adil, accession of Mustasim. Assassination of Al Adil, accession of his son Yahya who assumes the throne under the name of Al Mustasim.


1229 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Mustasim, accession of Idris. The Ayyubid AI Kamil restores Jerusalem to the Christians. Abu Muhammad dies in Spain and is succeeded by Al Mamun. AI Mamun invades Morocco with Christian help. Yahya is defeated and power is captured by Al Mamun. He denies the Mahdiship of Ibn Tumarat.


1230 

End of the Khawarzam Shah rule.


1232 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Idris, accession, of Abdul Wahid II. Assassination of Al Mamun; accession of his son Ar-Rashid.


1234 

Death of the Ayyubid ruler AI Kamil, accession of AI Adil.


1236 

Death of Delhi Sultan Iltutmish. Accession of Rukn ud Din Feroz Shah.


1237 

Accession of Razia Sultana as Delhi Sultan.


1240 

Death of Ar-Rashid; accession of his son Abu Said.


1241 

Death of Razia Sultana, accession of Bahram Shah.


1242 

Death of Bahram Shah, accession of Ala ud Din Masud Shah as Delhi Sultan. Death of the AI Mohad rules Abdul Wahid, accession of Abu Hasan. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustansir, accession of Mustasim.


1243 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abdul Walid II, accession of


1244 

The Al Mohads defeat the Marinids at the battle of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco.


1245 

The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem.


1246 

Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud Din Masud Shah, accession of Nasir ud Din Mahmud Shah.


1248 

Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abul Hasan, accession of Omar Murtaza. Abu Said attacks Tlemsen, but is ambushed and killed; accession of his son Murtada.


1250 

The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a greatar part thereof.


1258 

The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustasim. End of the Abbasid rule. Fall of Baghdad, end of the Abbasid caliphate. The Mongol II-Khans under Halaku establish their rule in Iran and Iraq with the capital at Maragah. Berek Khan the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde protests against the treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraw his Contingent from Baghdad.


1259 

Abu Abdullah the Hafsid ruler declares himself as the Caliph and assumes the name of AI Mustamir.


1260 

Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols are defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility of the Mongols is broken. Baybars becomes the Mamluk Sultan.


1262 

Death of Bahauddin Zikriya in Multan who is credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardi Sufi order in the IndoPakistan sub-continent.


1265 

Death of Halaku. Death of Fariduddin Ganj Shakkar the Chishti saint of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent.


1266 

Death of Berek Khan the first ruler of the Golden Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade. The crusaders invade Tunisia. Failure of the crusade.


1267 

Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Murtada seeks the help of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco. Assassination of Murtada; accession of Abu Dabbas.


1269 

Abu Dabbas is overthrown by the Marinida, End of the Al Mohads. End of the rule of the AI Mohads in Morocco, the Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub.


1270 

Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the Muslim rule in M ali.


1272 

Death of Muhammad I the founder of the state of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse at the battle


1273 

Death of Jalaluddin Rumi.


1274 

Death of Nasiruddin Tusi. The Marinids wrest Sijilmasa from the Zayenids. Ninth crusade under Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England.


1277 

Death of Baybars.


1280 

Battle of Hims.


1283 

Death of Yaghmurasan. Accession of his son Othman.


1285 

Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie.


1286 

Death of Ghiasuddin Balban. Death of Abu Yusuf Yaqub. Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal under the name of Nasiruddin.


1290 

End of the slave dynasty Jalaluddin Khilji comes into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and by 1290 C.E. most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Zayanids.


1291 

Saadi.


1296 

Alauddin Ghazan converted to Islam.


1299 

Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege Tlemsen the capital of the Zayanids.


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