Timeline

15th Century (1400-1499) C.E.
1400 

In the Burji Mamluks empire, The Mamluks lost Syria which was occupied by Amir Timur.


1401 

In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Timur Qutluq, the ruler, installed by Amir Timur. accession of Shadi Beg.


1402 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Defeat of Bayazid at the battle of Ankara, taken captive Amir Timur.


1403 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Muhammad I, the son of Bayazid ascended the throne.


1405 

In the Timurids empire, Death of Amir Timur, succession of his son Shah Rukh.


1407 

In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Shadi Beg, installation of Faulad Khan by the king maker Edigu.


1410 

In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Faulad Khan, installation of Timur.


1412 

In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Timur, installation of Jalaluddin. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Nasiruddin Faraj, succession of Al Muayyad.


1413 

In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Jalaluddin, installation of Karim Bardo.


1414 

In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Karim Bardo, installation of Kubak Khan.


1416 

In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Kubak Khan, installation of Jahar Balrawi. Deposition of Jahar Balrawi, installation of Chaighray.


1419 

In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Edigu, overthrow of Chaighray, power captured by Ulugh Muhammad.


1420 

In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad overthrown by Daulat Bairawi. 1420: Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Qara Yusuf; succession of his son Qara Iskandar. In Morocco, Assassination of Abu Said Othman; succession of his infant son Abdul Haq.


1421 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad I; accession of his son Murad II. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Al Muayyad, succession of Muzaffar Ahmad. Muzaffar Ahmad overthrown by Amir Saifuddin Tata, Death of Saifuddin Tata, succession of his son Muhammad. Muhammad overthrown by Amir Barsbay.


1424 

In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Daulat Bairawi, succession of Berk. In Algeria, The Halsida of Tunisia occupy Algeria. This state of affairs continued throughout the fifteenth century.


1425 

In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr, a prince of the house of Uzbeg declare his independence in the western part of Siberia,


1427 

In the Golden Horde empire, Berk overthrown by Ulugh Muhammad who captured power for the second time.


1430 

In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr occupies Khawarazm.


1434 

Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Deposition of Qara Iskandar; installation of his brother Jahan Shah. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Qara Othman, succession of his son Ali Beg. In Tunisia, Death of Abul Faris after a rule of forty years, succession of his son Abu Abdullah Muhammad.


1435 

In Tunisia, Deposition of Abu Abdullah Muhammad, power captured by Abu Umar Othman.


1438 

In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Barsbay, accession of his minor son Jamaluddin Yusuf; Yusuf overthrown and power captured by the Chief Minister Saifuddin Gakmuk. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Ali Beg overthrown by his brother Hamza.


1439 

In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad withdrew from Sarai and found the principality of Qazan. Said Ahmad came to power in Sarai.


1440 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Hamza overthrown by Jahangir a son of Ali Beg.


1441 

In the Golden Horde empire, Crimea seceded from Sarai.


1446 

In the Timurids empire, Death of Shah Rukh, succession of Ulugh Beg. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Second battle of Kossova resulting in the victory of the Turks. Serbia annexed to Turkey and Bosnia became its vassal.


1447 

In the Golden Horde empire, Astra Khan seceded from Sarai.


1449 

In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr captures Farghana. In the Timurids empire, Death of Ulugh Beg, succession of Abdul Latif.


1450 

In the Timurids empire, Assassination of Abdul Latif, accession of Abu Said.


1451 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Murad II; accession of his son Muhammad II.


1453 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Capture of Constantinople by the Turks. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Jahangir; accession of his son Uzun Hasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Gakmuk. succession of his son Fakhruddin Othman. Othman overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Inal.


1454 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Attack against Wallachia, Wallachia became a vassal state of Turkey.


1456 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Serbia.


1461 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Bosnia and Herzogovina. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Inal, succession of his son Shahabuddin Ahmad. Shahabuddin Ahmad overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Khushqadam.


1462 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Albania.


1465 

In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Said Ahmad, succession of his son Khan Ahmad. In Morocco, Assassination of Abdul Haq. End of the Marinid rule. Power snatched by Sharif Muhammad al Jati.


1467 

Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Jahan Shah, end of the rule of the Black Sheep Turkoman rule. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Jahan Shah of the Black Sheep attacked the White Sheep. Jahan Shah was defeated and the Black Sheep territories annexed by the White Sheep. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Khushqadam, accession of his son Saifuddin Yel Bey. Deposition of Yel Bey, power captured by the Mamluk General Temur Bugha.


1468 

In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Abul Khayr, succession of his son Haidar Sultan. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Uzun Hasan defeated the Timurids at the battle of Qarabagh whereby the White Sheep became the masters of Persia and Khurasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Femur Bugha, power captured by the Mamluk General Qait Bay.


1469 

In the Timurids empire, Death of Abu Said, disintegration of the Timurid state. In Khurasan Hussain Baygara came to power and he ruled during the remaining years of the fifteenth century.


1472 

In Morocco, Sharif Muhammad al Jati overthrown by the Wattisid chief Muhammad al Shaikh who establishes the rule of the Wattisid dynasty.


1473 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, War against Persia; Persians defeated.


1475 

In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Crimea. War against Venice. Tukey became the master of the Aegean Sea.


1478 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Uzun Hasan, succession of his son Khalil.


1479 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Khalil overthrown by his uncle Yaqub.


1480 

In the Golden Horde empire, Assassination of Khan Ahmad, succession of his son Said Ahmad II.


1481 

In the Golden Horde empire, Said Ahmad I1 overthrown by his brother Murtada. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad II, accession of Bayazid II.


1488 

In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Haider Sultan, succession of his nephew Shaybani Khan. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Umar Othman after a rule of 52 years, succession of Abu Zikriya Yahya.


1489 

In Tunisia, Abu Zikriya Yahya overthrown by Abul Mumin.


1490 

In Tunisia, Abul Mumin overthrown, power recaptured by Abu Yahya.


1493 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Yaqub. accession of his son Bayangir.


1495 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Bayangir overthown by his cousin Rustam.


1496 

In the Burji Mamluks empire, Abdication of Qait Bay, succession of his son Nasir Muhammad.


1497 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Rustam overthrown by Ahmad. Anarchy and fragmentation.


1498 

In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Nasir Muhammad, power captured by Zahir Kanauh.


1499 

In the Uzbegs empire, Shayhani Khan conquered Transoxiana. In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Murtada, succession of Said Ahmad III." In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks defeated the Venetian fleet in the battle of Lepanto.


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