Timeline

16th Century (1500-1599) C.E.
1500 

In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir Kanauh overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat.


1501 

Isamil I establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state religion.


1507 

The Portuguese under d'Albuquerque establish strongholds in the Persian Gulf.


1508 

Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, End of the White Sheep dynasty and the annexation of their territories by the Safawids.


1511 

D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from the Muslims.


1517 

The Ottoman Sultan Selim Yavuz ("the Grim") defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt.


1520 

The reign of Sulayman the Magnificent begins.


1526 

Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle of Mohacs.


1526 

The Battle of Panipat in India, and the Moghul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra.


1528 

The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary.


1529 

Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna.


1550 

The architect Sinan builds the Suleymaniye mosque in Istanbul.


1550 

The rise of the Muslim kingdom of Atjeh in Sumatra.


1550 

Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas, and Borneo.


1556 

The death of Sulayman the Magnificent.


1568 

Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos (Muslims forcibly converted to Catholicism) in Spain.


1571 

The Ottomans are defeated at the naval Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean is brought to a close.


1578 

The Battle of the Three Kings at Qasr al-Kabir in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed.


1588 

Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I begins.


1591 

Mustaili Ismailis split into Sulaymanis and Daudis.


PDF content
Subscribe