Timeline

18th Century (1700-1799) C.E.
1700 

Murshid Quli Khan declares the independence of Bengal and establishes his capital at Murshidabad.


1703 

Ahmad 11I becomes the Ottoman Sultan. Birth of Shah Wali Ullah. Birth of the religious reformer Muhammad b Abdul Wahab.


1707 

Death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, accession of his son Bahadur Shah.


1711 

War between Turkey and Russia. Russia defeated at the battle of Pruth.


1712 

Death of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah, accession of Jahandar Shah.


1713 

Jahandar Shah overthrown by his nephew Farrukh Siyar.


1718 

In the war against Austria, Turkey suffers defeat. By the treaty of Passarowich Turkey loses Hungary.


1719 

Deposition of the Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyar Muhammad Shah ascends the throne. In Sind the Kalhoras came to power under Nur Muhammad Kalhora.


1722 

Saadat Khan found the independent state of Oudh. Battle of Gulnabad between the Afghans and the Persians. The Persians were defeated and the Afghans under Shah Mahmud became the masters of a greater part of Persia. Shah Hussain taken captive, accession of Shah Tahmasp II.


1730 

Zanzibar freed from Portugese rule and occupied by Oreart.


1747 

Ahmad Shah Durrani established Afghan rule in Afghanistan.


1752 

Death of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, writer of Sassi Pannu, Sohni Mahinwal and Umer Marvo.


1752 

Ahmed Shah Durrani captured Punjab, Kashmir and Sind.


1761 

Death of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi.


1761 

Battle of Panipat. Ahmad Shah Durrani came to India at the invitation of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi and smashed rising Maratha power in the battle of Panipat.


1764 

Conversion to Islam of Areadi Gaya. ruler of Futa Bandu State in West Sudan.


1773 

Death of Ahmad Shah Durrani.


1783 

End of Kalhora rule in Sind.


1797 

Death of Muhammad Khan Qachar, king of Persia.


1797 

Russia occupied Daghestan.


1799 

Ranjit Singh declared himself Maharajah of Punjab defeating Afghans.


1799 

Khoqand declared independent Islamic State.


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