Timeline

19th Century (1800-1899) C.E.
1803 

Shah Abdul Aziz ibn Saud assassinated by a Shia fanatic. Shah Shuja proclaimed as King of Afghanistan.


1804 

Othman Dan Fodio established Islamic State of Sokoto in Central Sudan.


1805 

Ibn Saud captured Madinah defeating the Turk garrison.


1805 

Faraizi movement launched in Bengal. Muhammad Ali appointed Pasha of Egypt by the Turks.


1806 

Khanate of Khiva came into limelight under the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan.


1807 

Darqawi sect revolted against Turkish domination. Tunisia repudiated suzerainty of Algeria.


1811 

Birth of Ali Muhammad Bab founder of Bab movement.


1811 

British occupied Indonesia.


1812 

Madina fell to Egyptians.


1813 

Makkah and Taif captured by Egyptian forces and Saudis expelled from Hijaz.


1814 

Iran executed treaty of alliance with the British known as Definitive Treaty.


1814 

Death of Ibn Saud II.


1814 

King Othman of Tunisia assassinated by his cousin Mahmud.


1816 

British withdrew from Indonesia restoring it to the Dutch.


1822 

Death of Maulay Ismail in Morocco.


1827 

Malaya became a preserve of the British according to Anglo- Netherland treaty in 1824.


1828 

Russia declared war against Turkey.


1829 

Treaty of Adrianople.


1830 

French forces landed near Algiers and occupied Algeria ending 313 years rule of Turks.


1831 

Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail leaders of Jihad movement in India fell fighting the Sikhs in Balakot.


1832 

Turks defeated in the battle of Konia by Egyptian forces.


1832 

Sayyid Said, King of Oman, shifted his capital to Zanzibar.


1834 

Abdul Qadir recognised as ruler of the area under his control by the French.


1839 

Defeat of Turkey by the Egyptians in the battle of Nisibin.


1840 

Quadruple Alliance by the European powers to force Egypt to relinquish Syria.


1840 

British frees occupied Aden.


1841 

State of Adamawa established by Adams adjacent to Nigeria.


1842 

Amir Abdul Qadir, ousted from Algeria by the French. crossed over to Morocco.


1842 

Shah Shuja assassinated ending the Durrani rule in Afghanistan.


1847 

Amir Abdul Qadir surrendred to France under the condition of safe conduct to a Muslim country of his choice but France violated its pledge and sent him as a captive to France.


1849 

Death of Muhammad Ali pasha.


1850 

Ali Muhammad Bab arrested and executed by Iranian government. Qurratul Ain Tabira, a renowned poetess and staunch advocate of Babism also shot dead.


1852 

Release of Amir Abdul Qadir by Napolean III. He settled in Turkey.


1855 

Khiva annexed by Russia.


1857 

British captured Delhi and eliminated Mughal rule in India after 332 years. Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon in Burma. This was also the end of 1000 years of Muslim rule over India.


1859 

Imam Shamil laid down arms before Russian forces and the Islamic State of Daghestan became a Russian province.


1860 

Maulay Muhammad defeated by Spain.


1861 

Death of Sultan Abdul-Majid of Turkey.


1862 

Faraizi movement fizzled out after the death of Dadu Miyan..


1865 

Khoqand State liquidated by Russia.


1869 

Jamaluddin Afghani exiled from Afghanistan. He proceeded to Egypt.


1871 

Tunisia recognised suzerainty of Turkey through a Firman.


1876 

Britain purchased shares of Khediv Ismail in the Suez canal and got involved in Egyptian affairs.


1878 

Turkey handed over Cyprus to Britain.


1878 

Adrianople fell to Russia.


1879 

Jamaluddin Afghani exiled from Egypt.


1879 

Treaty of Berlin. Turkey lost 4/5 th of its territory in Europe.


1881 

France invaded Tunisia and the Bey acknowledged supremacy of France as a result of the treaty of Bardo.


1881 

Muhammad Ahmad declared himself Mahdi in northern Sudan.


1882 

Egypt came under British military occupation.


1883 

Death of Amir Abdul Qadir in Damascus.


1885 

Muhammad Ahmad declared free Government of Sudan under his rule.


1885 

Death of Mahdi Sudani five months after the occupation of Khartum.


1890 

End of Banbara State.


1895 

Afghanistan got Wakhan corridor by an understanding with Russia and British India making Afghan border touch China.


1895 

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian claimed prophethood.


1897 

State of Bagirimi occupied by the French,


1899 

Fall of Mahdi State occupied by the British and the Egyptians jointly.


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