Timeline

7th Century (600-699) C.E.
605 

The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba.


610 

The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God.


613 

Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam.


614 

Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam.


615 

Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia.


616 

Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.


617 

Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah.


619 

Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Year of sorrow.


620 

Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens.


621 

First pledge at Aqaba.


622 

Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib. 623: Nakhla expedition.


624 

Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.


625 

Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second expedition of Badr.


626 

Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.


627 

Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews.


628 

Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to Khyber. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states.


629 

The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans).


630 

Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunsin, Auras, and Taif.


631 

Expedition to Tabuk. Year of Deputations.


632 

Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.


632 

Death of the Holy Prophet. Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.


633 

Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.


634 

Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.


635 

Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus. Battle of Fahl.


636 

Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.


637 

Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem. Battle of Jalula.


638 

Conquest of Jazirah.


639 

Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.


640 

Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon in Egypt.


641 

Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt.


642 

Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.


643 

Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia).


644 

Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan.Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph.


645 

Campaigns in Fats.


646 

Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor.


647 

Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress.


648 

Campaigns against the Byzantines.


651 

Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines.


652 

Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman.


656 

Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel.


657 

Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal.


658 

Battle of Nahrawan.


659 

Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah.


660 

Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Mu'awiyah. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus.


661 

Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. Accession of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph.


662 

Khawarij revolts.


666 

Raid of Sicily.


670 

Advance in North Africa. Uqba b Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul.


672 

Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns in Khurasan.


674 

The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state.


677 

Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Siege of Constantinople.


680 

Death of Muawiyah. Accession of Yazid. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain.


682 

In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa.


683 

Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu'awiyah II.


684 

Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus. Battle of Marj Rahat.


685 

Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada.


686 

Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa.


687 

Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. Mukhtar killed.


691 

Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik.


692 

The fall of Makkah. Death of Abdullah b Zubair. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.


695 

Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish.


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