Timeline

9th Century (800-899) C.E.
800 

The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa.


803 

Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki.


805 

Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress.


809 

Death of Harun ur Rashid. Accession of Amin.


814 

Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin killed and Mamun becomes the Caliph.


815 

Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs.


816 

Shia revolt in Makkah; Harsama quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica.


817 

Harsama killed.


818 

The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia.


819 

Mamun comes to Baghdad.


820 

Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan.


822 

Death of AI Hakam in Spain; accession of Abdul Rahman. II.


823 

Death of Tahir in Khurasan. Accession of Talha and his deposition. Accession of Abdullah b Tahir.


827 

Mamun declares the Mutazila creed as the state religion.


833 

Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim.


836 

Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra. 837 Revolt of the Jats.


838 

Revolt of Babek in Azarbaijan suppressed.


839 

Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily.


842 

Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq.


843 

Revolts of the Arabs.


847 

Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil.


849 

Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah b Tahir; accession of Tahir II.


850 

Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy.


852 

Death of Abdur Rahman II of Spain;. accession of Muhammad I.


856 

Umar b Abdul Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind.


858 

Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya.


860 

Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana.


861 

Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of Muntasir.


862 

Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of Mutasin.


864 

Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan b Zaid.


866 

Mutasim flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of Mutaaz.


866 

Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Munzir. Death of Abdullah b Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind.


867 

Yaqub b Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan.


868 

Ahmad b Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt.


869 

The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi.


870 

Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of Mutamid.


873 

Tahirid rule extinguished.


874 

Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr.


877 

Death of Yaqubb Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr b Layth.


885 

Death of Ahmad b Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah.


888 

Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abbullah.


891 

The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain.


892 

Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr, accession of Ismail.


894 

The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain.


896 

Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish.


897 

Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun.


898 

Qarmatians sack Basra,


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