Al-Quran Surah 17. Al-Israa, Ayah 55

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وَرَبُّكَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۗ وَلَقَدْ فَضَّلْنَا بَعْضَ النَّبِيِّينَ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۖ وَآتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ زَبُورًا


Asad : seeing that thy Sustainer is fully aware of [what is in the minds of] all beings that are in the heavens and on earth. But, indeed, We did endow some of the prophets more highly than others63 - just as We bestowed upon David a book of divine wisdom [in token of Our grace]64 .
Khattab :

Your Lord knows best all those in the heavens and the earth. And We have surely favoured some prophets above others, and to David We gave the Psalms.1 

Malik : Your Rabb is fully aware of all that is in the heavens and in the earth. We have exalted some prophets above the others and gave Zaboor (the Psalms) to Dawood.
Pickthall : And thy Lord is best aware of all who are in the heavens and the earth. And we preferred some of the Prophets above others, and unto David We gave the Psalms.
Yusuf Ali : And it is your Lord that knoweth best all beings that are in the heavens and on earth: We did bestow on some Prophets more (and other) gifts than on others: and We gave to David (the gift of) the Psalms. 2240 2241
Transliteration : Warabbuka aAAlamu biman fee alssamawati waalardi walaqad faddalna baAAda alnnabiyyeena AAala baAAdin waatayna dawooda zabooran
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  Imad-ud-din Saqib    
  9 years 33 weeks ago
This is a verse which confused some of the translators such as Abdullah Yusuf Ali. He writes in his commentary, "The spiritual gifts with which the prophets came, may themselves, take different forms according to the needs of the world and the times in which they lived, as judged by the wisdom of God. A striking example here given is the gift of song and music as given to David. . ." The fact is that the Psalms were not composed by Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him), but rather were revealed to him by Allah (swt) as is clearly stated in the Quran. Additionally, now where in the Quran or in the authentic ahadith is there any support for this accompanying the Psalms with musical instruments? In order to properly understand the true nature of the psalms (az-Zaboor), one must look to some of the dependable Quranic commentaries (tafaseer). Ibn Katheer explains the meaning of the term az-Zaboor saying: "Az-Zaboor is the name of the book revealed by Allah to Dawud (peace be upon him). Al-Aloosi further confirms this saying, "Az-Zaboor is the name of the book sent down to Dawud (peace be upon him). It was revealed to him gradually, by installments." As to the nature of these psalms, Al-Qurtubi states, "Az-Zaboor is the book of Dawood (peace be upon him), consisting of one hundred and fifty chapters; however, it contained no rulings of divine law on matters of prohibited or allowed things. Rather, it consisted of words and wisdom and admonishment." Al-Aaloosi adds to this description that "the Zaboor also contained divine praises and glorification of Allah." Prophet Dawud’s captivating, melodious voice was exceedingly beautiful and effective. When he recited the Zaboor, men, jinn, birds and wild animals gathered around him.
Asad   
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Asad 63 This seems to be an allusion to the role of Muhammad as the Last Prophet (Zamakhshari, Baydawi): despite his personal inability to "determine the fate" of the people to whom he conveyed God's message, that message is destined to remain alive forever.
Asad   
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Asad 64 I.e., just as David's "book of divine wisdom" (the Psalms) had outlived the glory of his earthly kingdom, so will Muhammad's message, the Qur'an, outlive all the changing fortunes of his followers.

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Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 2240 Not only are we not to judge other ordinary men and carp at them. We are not to set up false standards for judging the Prophets of Allah. If one was born of the unlearned Arab race, he yet was a mercy to all the worlds. If one spoke to Allah as Kalimullah or another's life began with a miracle; it does not imply superiority. It only means that Allah's wisdom is more profound than we can fathom.
Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 2241 The gifts with which the prophets came may themselves take different forms, according to the needs of the world and the times in which they lived, as judged by the wisdom of Allah. A striking example here given is the gift of David over others. David was given the Zabur, the Psalter or Psalms, intended to be for the worship of Allah and the celebration of Allah's praise. For the Book of Psalms, see the last part of n. 669 to iv. 163, where exactly the same words are used about David.
   
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29330

 The reason David is singled out here is because some Jewish authorities at the time of the Prophet (ﷺ) claimed that no scripture had been revealed after Moses. So this verse refutes this claim by referring to the Psalms of David.

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