Al-Quran Surah 20. Ta-ha, Ayah 53

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الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ مَهْدًا وَسَلَكَ لَكُمْ فِيهَا سُبُلًا وَأَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِنْ نَبَاتٍ شَتَّىٰ


Asad : HE IT IS who has made the earth a cradle for you, and has traced out for you ways [of livelihood] thereon,35 and [who] sends down waters from the sky: and by this means We bring forth various kinds36 of plants.
Khattab :

˹He is the One˺ Who has laid out the earth for ˹all of˺ you, and set in it pathways for you, and sends down rain from the sky, causing various types of plants to grow,

Malik : He is the One Who has made the earth a cradle for you, traced the roads on it for you to walk on; and sends down water from the sky with which We produce pairs of various kinds of vegetation
Pickthall : Who hath appointed the earth as a bed and hath threaded roads for you therein and hath sent down water from the sky and thereby We have brought forth divers kinds of vegetation,
Yusuf Ali : "He Who has made for you the earth like a carpet spread out; has enabled you to go about therein by roads (and channels); and has sent down water from the sky." With it have We produced divers pairs of plants each separate from the others. 2576 2577 2578
Transliteration : Allathee jaAAala lakumu alarda mahdan wasalaka lakum feeha subulan waanzala mina alssamai maan faakhrajna bihi azwajan min nabatin shatta
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  Husan Sharif    
  6 years 11 weeks ago

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers and Sisters,

I have a to share something that really bothered me today. A enemy of Islam says, that the Kuraan is false because it states that the earth is flat and he gives different ayat to prove his point. 20:53, 43:10, 50:7, 51:48, 71:19, 78:6, 79:30, 15:19, 79:30, 18:47 all the versus say that Allah has made earth a plain or flat. This is really bothering me and I am sure there is an explaination. I am afraid that Muslims or non Muslims who read these Ayyat might deviate from Islam. This is why I am hoping Insha Allah I can get a good answer so I can refute this enemy of Allah. Thank You very much and Assalamu Alaikum.

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  Lawal Fatai    
  6 years 9 weeks ago
please ask the person that said this that where did his own God tells him about how the earth looks like
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  Nehal Shah   in reply to Lawal Fatai 
  6 years 9 weeks ago
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  Afta Kurnia    
  2 years 32 weeks ago
Assalamualaikum

i'd like to inform you that  translation mention word "mahdan" as a carpet and a bed. actually it is a cradle  or a place to live in. there are a lot of them use that translation to prove that the earth is flat which is really dangerous and will bring a lot of fitnah. I am affraid that translation is incorrect because if the translation incorrect the whole meaning will incorrect. This site is entered by muslim an non muslim around the world and it must giving a concrete translation, don't make it like there are a lot of translation in every verse. people won't understand and some people can use it to make a prove that Al-quran is a lot of mistakes. My  suggestion is,  just pick one, the best translation don't make it like this, this is confusing.


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  al-amin ashiq    
  1 week 3 days ago

Question: Qur’an says that Allah has made the earth for you as a carpet. This gives an indication that the earth is flat. Does this not contradict established modern science?

Answer
1.    Earth made as a carpet-
The question refers to a verse from the Qur’an in Surah Nuh:

"And Allah has made the earth for you as a carpet (spread out)." 
[Al-Qur’an 71:19]
"That ye may go about therein, in spacious roads."
[Al-Qur’an 71:20]

A similar message is repeated in Surah TaHa:

"He Who has made for you the earth like a carpet spread out; has enabled you to go about therein by roads (and channels) and has sent down water from the sky. With it have We produced divers pairs of plants each separate from the others."
[Al-Qur’an 20:53]

The surface of the earth i.e. earth’s crust is less than 30 miles in thickness and is very thin as compared to the radius of the earth which is about 3750 miles. The deeper layers of the earth are very hot, fluid and hostile to any form of life. The earth’s crust is a solidified shell on which we can live. The Qur’an rightly refers to it like a carpet spread out, so that we can travel along its roads and paths.

2.    Carpet can also be spread on other than an absolute flat surface-

Not a single verse of the Qur’an says that the earth is flat. The Qur’an only compares the earth’s crust with a carpet. Some people seem to think that carpet can only be put on an absolute flat surface. It is possible to spread a carpet on a large sphere such as the earth. It can easily be demonstrated by taking a huge model of the earth’s globe covering it with a carpet.

Carpet is generally put on a surface, which surface is not very comfortable to walk on. The Qur’an describes the earth crust as a carpet, without which human beings would not be able to survive because of the hot, fluid and hostile environment beneath it. The Qur’an is thus not only logical, it is mentioning a scientific fact that was discovered by geologists centuries later.

3.    Earth has been spread out-
Similarly, the Qur’an says in several verses that the earth has been spread out.

"And We have spread out the (spacious) earth: how excellently We do spread out!"
[Al-Qur’an 51:48]

Similarly the Qur’an also mentions in several other verses that the earth is an expanse:

"Have We not made the earth as a wide expanse"
"And the mountains as pegs?"
[Al-Qur’an 78:6-7]

None of these verses of the Qur’an contain even the slightest implication that the earth is flat. It only indicates that the earth is spacious and the reason for this spaciousness of the earth is mentioned. The Glorious Qur’an says:

"O My servants who believe! truly. spacious is My Earth: therefore serve ye Me –(And Me alone)!"
[Al-Qur’an 29:56]

Therefore none can give the excuse, that he could not do good and was forced to do evil, because the earth have the surroundings and circumstances.

4.     Earth is geospherical in shape-

The Qur’an mentions the actual shape of the earth in the following verse:

"And we have made the earth egg shaped".
[Al-Qur’an 79:30]

The Arabic word " Dahaha " means egg shaped. It also means an expanse. "Dahaha"  is derived from " Duhiya"  which specifically refers to the egg of an ostrich which is geospherical in shape, exactly like the shape of the earth.

Thus the Qur’an and modern established science are in perfect harmony.

Asad   
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Asad 35 I.e., "has provided you with ways and means - both material and intellectual - to gain your livelihood on earth and from it".
Asad   
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Asad 36 Lit., "pairs" (azwaj), a term which in this context apparently denotes "kinds"; but see also 13:3 and the corresponding note [7].

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Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 2576 Sabil means not only a road, but would include water-roads or channels, and in modern conditions, airways-in fact all means of communication.
Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 2577 This seems to be outside the speech of Moses, and connects itself with the following verses 54-56, as part of the Word of Allah, expanding the speech of Moses and explaining the working of Allah's Providence in nature.
Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 2578 Azwaj: we might translate here (as in xv. 88) by "classes" instead of "pairs"; but as sex in plants seems to be referred to elsewhere (see xiii. 3, and n. 1804), I translate "pairs".

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