Al-Quran Surah 36. YaSin, Ayah 40

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لَا الشَّمْسُ يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُدْرِكَ الْقَمَرَ وَلَا اللَّيْلُ سَابِقُ النَّهَارِ ۚ وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ

Asad : [and] neither may the sun overtake the moon, nor can the night usurp the time of day,21 since all of them float through space [in accordance with Our laws].
Khattab :

It is not for the sun to catch up with the moon,1 nor does the night outrun the day. Each is travelling in an orbit of their own.

Malik : Neither it is possible for the sun to overtake the moon, nor for the night to outstrip the day: each floats along in its own orbit.
Pickthall : It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit.
Yusuf Ali : It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon nor can the Night outstrip the Day: each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law). 3986 3987
Transliteration : La alshshamsu yanbaghee laha an tudrika alqamara wala allaylu sabiqu alnnahari wakullun fee falakin yasbahoona
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Asad 21 Lit., "nor does the night outrun [or "outstrip"] the day".

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Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 3986 Though the sun and the moon both traverse the belt of the Zodiac, and their motions are different, they never catch up each other. When the sun and the moon are on the same side and on a line with the earth there is a solar eclipse, and when on opposite side in a line, there is a lunar eclipse, but there is no clash. Their Laws are fixed by Allah, and form the subject of study in astronomy. Similarly Night and Day follow each other, but being opposites cannot coincide, a fit emblem of the opposition of Good and Evil, Truth and Falsehood: see also n. 3982 above.
Yusuf Ali   
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Yusuf Ali 3987 Cf. xxi. 33, and n. 2695. How beautifully the rounded courses of the planets and heavenly bodies are described, "swimming" through space, with perfectly smooth motion! As Shakespeare expresses it, each "in his motion like an angel sings, Still quiring to the young-eyed cherubims!"
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 The moon completes a cycle every month (waxing and waning), while the sun takes a whole year to complete its cycle (resulting in the spring, summer, fall, and winter seasons).