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Surah 53. An-Najm, Ayah 3



وَمَا يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ


Asad : and neither does he speak out of his own desire:
Malik : nor does he speak out of his own desire.
Pickthall : Nor doth he speak of (his own) desire.
Yusuf Ali : Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire.
Transliteration : Wama yantiqu AAani alhawa
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  Syed Husain    
  3 years 25 weeks ago
Does the Prophet (s) not speak of his own desire in every subject matter or is it restricted to a certain subject? The next ayah establishes that the subject is the wahiy (revelation) when Allah (swt) says “It is no less than wahiy sent down to him”. So he doesn’t speak of his own desire in matters of the wahiy. This is supported by Surah al-Anbiyya 45 [ http://alim.org/library/quran/ayah/compare/21/45 ] (“I warn you only by the wahiy”) and Surah Sad 70 [ http://alim.org/library/quran/ayah/compare/38/70 ] (“It is revealed unto me only that I may be a plain warner”) which establish the purpose of the wahiy is that what deals with warning i.e. rules, laws, beliefs. The subject of the wahiy is not technical or worldly issues and hence these are not included in “ma yantiqu anil hawa’. Hence, it is possible the Prophet (s) erred in technical issues, such as what was narrated to us in the hadith of pollination [ http://alim.org/library/hadith/SHM/1100 ]. Furthermore, while salah is a subject of the wahiy, the wahiy also absolves us of what is done out of forgetfulness and what is done (or not done) while one is sleeping (hadith: the pen is lifted from three…the sleeping until he awakes…”, “And there is no sin on you concerning that in which you made a mistake” Sura Ahzab 5 [ http://alim.org/library/quran/ayah/compare/33/5/ ], “Our Lord, punish us not if we forget or fall into error." Al-Baqara 286 [ http://alim.org/library/quran/ayah/compare/2/286 ]). So forgetting a portion of the salah or sleeping through fajr (as long as one took means to wake on time) are not considered sins by the wahiy. Hence, there is no conflict between this ayah and the ahadith which contain the incidents of the Prophet (s) committing the aforementioned actions ([ http://alim.org/library/hadith/SHB/321/2 ] and [ http://alim.org/library/hadith/AMH/26/1 ]). These are simply human errors which this ayah does not prove was something that was beyond a Prophet of Allah.
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  Ali Naqvi   in reply to Syed Husain 
  3 years 23 weeks ago
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  Ali Naqvi   in reply to Syed Husain 
  3 years 23 weeks ago

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