Surah 31. Luqman

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Period of Revelation

This Surah was revealed in the last years of middle stage of the Prophet's residence at Makkah. Its subject matter indicates that it was revealed in the same period when Surah 'Ankabut was revealed.

Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance:
  1. The Qur'an is the Book of wisdom and a blessing for the righteous.
  2. Luqman's advise to his son not to commit Shirk (to associate any one else with Allah in worship).
  3. Rights of the mother and the parents.
  4. Not to obey the parents if they ask you to commit shirk.
  5. Islamic moral behavior and interaction.
  6. The fact that the main reason of misguidance is the blind following of one's forefathers.
  7. If all trees were pens and oceans an ink, Allah's words could not be put to writing.
  8. Allah is the only reality, all others to whom people invoke besides Him are false.
  9. O Mankind, fear that Day when not even a father shall avail his son, nor a son his father, let not Shaitan deceive you concerning this fact.
Theme

This Surah also advises the young converts to Islam that even though the rights of parents are paramount they are not to supersede the rights of Allah, they should not listen to the parents if they prevented them from accepting Islam, or compel them to revert to the creed of Polytheism.

This Surah also points out that Islam is not a new teaching which is being presented for the first time. The learned and wise people of the past ages said and taught the same message which The Qur'an is presenting today. In other words, it is as to say, "O People of Makkah: In your own area there lived a wise man, named Luqman, whose wisdom has been well known among you, whose proverbs and wise sayings are cited in your daily conversation and who is often quoted by your poets and orators. Now you should see precisely what creed and what morals he used to teach."

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