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Period of Revelation

This Surah is one of the earliest Surahs revealed at Makkah, and the words: "We shall enable you to recite, then you shall never forget" of verse 6 also indicates that it was sent down in the period when the Prophet (pbuh) was not yet fully accustomed to receiving Revelation and, at the times Revelation came down, he feared he might forget the words.

Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance
  1. Tawhid: Allah is Almighty, always glorify Him.
  2. Allah has taken the responsibility off of Holy Prophet's memorization of the Qur'an by assuring him that he will not forget any portion of it.
  3. Those who heed Allah's reminders will be successful in the Hereafter.
Theme

In the first verse, the doctrine of Tawhid is compressed into a single sentence, saying that Allah's name should be glorified and exalted and He should not be remembered by any name which might reflect a deficiency, fault, weakness, or likeness with created beings.

Then, the Prophet (pbuh) is told: "You are not responsible to bring everyone on to the right path; your only duty is to convey the message, and the simplest way of conveying the message is to admonish him who is inclined to listen to the admonition and accept it, and the one who is not inclined to it, should not be pursued. The one who fears the evil consequences of deviation and falsehood, will listen to the truth and accept it, and the wretched one who avoids listening to and accepting it, will himself see his evil end."

In conclusion, it is said that success is only for those who adopt purity of belief, morals and deed, and remember the name of their Lord and perform the Prayer. On the contrary however, most people are wholly lost in seeking the ease, benefits and pleasures of this worldly life, instead of endeavoring for their well being in the hereafter. The world is transitory and the Hereafter everlasting, and the blessings of the Hereafter are far better than the blessings of this world. This truth has not been expressed only in the Qur'an, but also in the books of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and Musa (Moses).

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