Islamic Terms Dictionary

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Madinah
the first city-state that came under the banner of Islam. It is where the Prophet's masjid and grave are situated.
Maghazi
the military campaigns of the Prophet.
Maghrib
the obligatory salat, prayer, that is performed right after the sun sets over the horizon.
Mahr
a dowry given by the man to the woman he is about to marry. It is part of the Muslim marriage contract. It can never be demanded back under any circumstances.
Marwah
a mound near the Ka'bah that is referred to in the Quran as one of the symbols of Allah. It is in conjuction with safa.
Masjid
a place of worship and salat. The life of the early Muslims used to revolve around the masjid. Meetings would be held there, discussions would take place there. It is called a 'mosque' in English.
Mawla
a person of slave origin who does not have tribal protection. It is a word with dual meaning. It can mean either master or servant.
Mawlaya
a form of address to a ruler implying protector.
Mihrab
a recess in the masjid that indicates the direction of salat.
Mina
a plain within the bounds of the haram of Mecca, within five kilometers outside the city. During the hajj the pilgrims pass the night between the eighth and ninth day proceed to Arafat on the ninth day.
Minbar
a pulpit.
Mu'min
a person who has deep faith in Allah and is a righteous and obedient servant of His.
Muadh-dhin
the person who calls the adhan.
Muhajir
a person who does hijrah.
Mujahid
someone who is active and fights for Islam. A Muslim fighter. The opposite of qaideen.
Munafiq
a hypocrite, more dangerous and worse than a kafir.
Murabit
a person who is on the road spreading Islam.
Musad'afin
a weak and oppressed person.
Musalaymah
Undefined.
Mushaf
a copy of the Quran.
Mushawarah
means consultation.
Mushrik
a polythiest. A person who ascribes partners to Allah.
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