A recent study report by UNICEF, the UN children’s agency, says that about a third of the two billion children in the world who are breathing toxic air. This issue causes major threat mainly for the lives of children living in northern India and neighbouring countries. The treat leads to serious health risks including damage to their lungs, brain and other organs. When taking the pollution standards set by World Health Organisation, 300 million children are exposed to serious pollution levels that is more than six times higher the standards. UNICEF reports say that, among the whole nations worldwide, India’s capital city, New Delhi is facing this terrific issue at its peak. India is one of the main countries celebrates many festivals. People use pollution creating fireworks to make their festive days more colourful. More over, the city is a trap of vehicles all the time. Since being identified as one of the world’s most polluted cities, Delhi has tried to clean its air in recent years. Due to this alarming issue, Delhi administration had implemented experimental traffic control. But still the city is facing pollution. Apart from the pollution emission from vehicles, other pollution sources such as construction dust, cooking fires and other air pollution are still persist.
The very fact here is that, children are the prime victim of every type of pollution. Children breathe twice as quickly, taking in more air in relation to their body weight, while their brains and immune systems are still developing and vulnerable. The impact is that, about 6 lakhs of children under the age of 5 are dying in an year due to air pollution and related diseases. Air pollution leads to high respiratory diseases and cognitive development disorders .Of the two billion children worldwide breathing unhealthy air, the report says that 620 million of them in South Asia – mostly in northern India. Africa and China are the next countries that face serious pollution problems.