AbuBakr ibn AbdurRahman reported on the authority of a Companion of the Prophet (peace be upon him): I saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) commanding the people while he was travelling on the occasion of the conquest of Mecca not to observe fast. He said: Be strong for your enemy. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) fasted himself.
Bashir ibn Yasar, the client of the Ansar, reported on the authority of a group of the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him): When the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) conquered Khaybar, he divided it into thirty-six lots, each lot comprising one hundred portions. One half of it was for the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and for the Muslims; and he separated the remaining half for the deputations which came to him, other matters and emergent needs of the people.
Sulaym ibn Mutayr reported on the authority of his father that Mutayr went away to perform hajj. When he reached as-Suwaida', a man suddenly came searching for medicine and ammonium anthorhizum extract, and he said: A man who heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) addressing the people commanding and prohibiting them, told me that he said: O people, accept presents so long as they remain presents; but when the Quraysh quarrel about the rule, and the presents are given for the religion of one of you, then leave them alone.
A man from the immigrants of the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I participated in battle three times along with the Prophet (peace be upon him). I heard him say: Muslims have common share in three (things). grass, water and fire.
AbuSalam said on the authority of a man who served the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) that whenever he talked, he repeated it three times.
A man from among the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade (mixing) unripe dates and dried dates, and (mixing) raisins and dried dates.
AbulMalih reported on the authority of a man: I was riding on a mount behind the Prophet (peace be upon him). It stumbled. Thereupon I said: May the devil parish! He said: Do not say: May the devil perish! for if you say that , he will swell so much so that he will be like a house, and say: By my power. But say: In the name of Allah; for when you say that, he will diminish so much so that he will be like a fly.
Salim ibn AbulJa'dah said: A man said: (Mis'ar said: I think he was from the tribe of Khuza'ah): would that I had prayed, and got comfort. The people objected to him for it. Thereupon he said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying: O Bilal, call iqamah for prayer: give us comfort by it.
AbuSallam told that he was in the mosque of Hims. A man passed him and the people said about him that he served the Prophet (peace be upon him). He (AbuSallam) went to him and said: Tell me any tradition which you heard from the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and there were no man between him and you. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: If anyone says in the morning and in the evening: "I am pleased with Allah as Lord, with Islam as religion, with Muhammad as Prophet," Allah will certainly please him.
Ghalib said: When we were sitting at al-Hasan's door, a man came along. He said: My father told me on the authority of my grandfather, saying: My father sent me to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and said: Go to him and give him a greeting. So I went to him and said: My father sends you a greeting. He said: Upon you and upon your father be peace.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) counted them in my hand or in his hand saying: Tasbih (SubhanAllah is half the Mizan (scale), praise be to Allah fills it (completely). AllahuAkbar (Allah is the Greatest) fills the space between Heaven and Earth, fasting is the half of the endurance and cleanliness is half of the faith.
Tirmidhi transmitted it and said, this is a Hasan tradition.
Muhammad ibn AbdurRahman ibn Thawban reported on the authority of a man from the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him): When Ali married Fatimah, daughter of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), he intended to have intercourse with her. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) prohibited him to do so until he gave her something. Ali said: I have nothing with me, Apostle of Allah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Give her your coat of mail. So he gave her his coat of mail, and then cohabited with her.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Neither vomiting, nor emission, nor cupping breaks the fast of the one who is fasting.
AbdurRahman ibn Ka'b ibn Malik reported on the authority of a man from among the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The infidels of the Quraysh wrote (a letter) to Ibn Ubayy and to those who worshipped idols from al-Aws and al-Khazraj, while the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) was at that time at Medina before the battle of Badr. (They wrote): You gave protection to our companion. We swear by Allah, you should fight him or expel him, or we shall come to you in full force, until we kill your fighters and appropriate your women. When this (news) reached Abdullah ibn Ubayy and those who were worshippers of idols, with him they gathered together to fight the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). When this news reached the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), he visited them and said: The threat of the Quraysh to you has reached its end. They cannot contrive a plot against you, greater than what you yourselves intended to harm you. Are you willing to fight your sons and brethren? When they heard this from the Prophet (peace be upon him), they scattered. This reached the infidels of the Quraysh. The infidels of the Quraysh again wrote (a letter) to the Jews after the battle of Badr: You are men of weapons and fortresses. You should fight our companion or we shall deal with you in a certain way. And nothing will come between us and the anklets of your women. When their letter reached the Prophet (peace be upon him), they gathered Banu an-Nadir to violate the treaty. They sent a message to the Prophet (peace be upon him): Come out to us with thirty men from your companions, and thirty rabbis will come out from us till we meet at a central place where they will hear you. If they testify to you and believe in you, we shall believe in you. The narrator then narrated the whole story. When the next day came, the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) went out in the morning with an army, and surrounded them. He told them: I swear by Allah, you will have no peace from me until you conclude a treaty with me. But they refused to conclude a treaty with him. He therefore fought them the same day. Next he attacked Banu Quraysh with an army in the morning, and left Banu an-Nadir. He asked them to sign a treaty and they signed it. He turned away from them and attacked Banu an-Nadir with an army. He fought with them until they agreed to expulsion. Banu an-Nadir were deported, and they took with them whatever their camels could carry, that is, their property, the doors of their houses, and their wood. Palm-trees were exclusively reserved for the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). Allah bestowed them upon him and gave them him as a special portion. He (Allah), the Exalted, said: What Allah has bestowed on His Apostle (and taken away) from them, for this ye made no expedition with either camel corps or cavalry." He said: "Without fighting." So the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave most of it to the emigrants and divided it among them; and he divided some of it between two men from the helpers, who were needy, and he did not divide it among any of the helpers except those two. The rest of it survived as the sadaqah of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) which is in the hands of the descendants of Fatimah (Allah be pleased with her).
Harb ibn Ubaydullah ibn Umayr ath-Thaqafi told on the authority of his grandfather, a man of Banu Taghlib: I came to the Prophet (peace be upon him), embraced Islam, and he taught me Islam. He also taught me how I should take sadaqah from my people who had become Muslim. I then returned to him and said: Apostle of Allah, I remembered whatever you taught me except the sadaqah. Should I levy tithe on them? He replied: No, tithes are to be levied on Christians and Jews.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Probably you will fight with a people, you will dominate them, and they will save themselves and their children by their property. The version of Sa'id has You will then conclude peace with them. The agreed version goes: Then do no take anything from them more than that, for it is not proper for you.
Kulayb reported from a man of the Ansar. He said: We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) on a journey. The people suffered from intense need and strain. They gained booty and then plundered it. While our pots were boiling the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) came walking with his bow touching the ground. He turned over our pots with his bow and smeared the meat with the soil, and said: "Plunder is more unlawful than carrion," or he said: "Carrion is more unlawful than plunder." The narrator Hannad was doubtful.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) called for a skin-vessel on the day of the battle of Uhud. He then said: Invert the head of the vessel and he drank from its mouth.
Al-Muhallab ibn AbuSufrah said: A man who heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: If the enemy attacks you at night, let your war cry be Ha-Mim. They will not be helped.
Safwan reported from a number of Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) on the authority of their fathers who were relatives of each other. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Beware, if anyone wrongs a contracting man, or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for him on the Day of Judgment.
Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said: An Ansari was breathing his last. He said: I narrate to you a tradition, and I narrate it with the intention of getting a reward from Allah. I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: If any one of you performs ablution and performs it very well, and goes out for prayer, he does not take his right step but Allah records a good work (or blessing) for him, and he does not take his left step but Allah remits one sin from him. Any one of you may reside near the mosque or far from it; if he comes to the mosque and prays in congregation, he will be forgiven (by Allah). If he comes to the mosque while the people had prayed in part, and the prayer remained in part, and he prays in congregation the part he joined, and completed the part he had missed, he will enjoy similarly (i.e. he will be forgiven). If he comes to the mosque when the people had finished prayer, he will enjoy the same.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: You women folk, have in silver something with which you adorn yourselves. I assure you that any woman of you who adorns herself with gold which she displays will be punished for it.
Urwah ibn az-Zubayr reported on the authority of a woman from Banu an-Najjar. She said: My house was the loftiest of all the houses around the mosque (of the Prophet at Medina). Bilal used to make a call to the morning prayer from it. He would come there before the break of dawn and wait for it. When he saw it, he would yawn and say: O Allah, I praise you and seek Your assistance for the Quraysh so that they might establish Thine religion. He then would make the call to prayer. She (the narrator) said: By Allah, I do not know whether he ever left saying these words on any night.
She reported: I said Apostle of Allah, our road to the mosque has an unpleasant stench; what should we do when it is raining? He asked: Is there not a cleaner part after the filthy part of the road? She replied: Why not (there is one)! He said: It makes up for the other.
Usayd ibn AbuUsayd, reported on the authority of a woman who took oath of allegiance (to the Prophet): One of the oaths which the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) received from us about the virtue was that we would not disobey him in it (virtue): that we would not scratch the face, nor wail, nor tear the front of the garments nor dishevel the hair.
A'idh ibn Amr, who was one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), called on Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad and said (to him): O my son, I have heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: The worst of guardians is the cruel ruler. Beware of being one of them. Ubaydullah said (to him out of arrogance): Sit you down. You are from the chaff of the Companions of Muhammad (peace be upon him). A'idh said: Was there worthless chaff among them ? Such worthless chaff appeared after them and among other people.
AbuSufyan came to Salman, Suhayb and Bilal in the presence of a group of persons. They said: By Allah, the sword of Allah did not reach the neck of the enemy of Allah as it was required to reach. Thereupon AbuBakr said: Do you say this to the old man of the Quraysh and their chief? Then he came to Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) and informed him of this. Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: AbuBakr, you have perhaps annoyed them and if you annoyed them you have in fact annoyed your Lord. So AbuBakr came to them and said: O my brothers, I have annoyed you. They said: No, our brother, may Allah forgive you!
While we were with 'Utba bin Farqad at Adharbijan, there came 'Umar's letter indicating that Allah's Apostle had forbidden the use of silk except this much, then he pointed with his index and middle fingers. To our knowledge, by that he meant embroidery.
Abu Barza said, "(O people!) Allah makes you self-sufficient or has raised you high with Islam and with Muhammad."
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