The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) entered upon us in the mosque, and he had a stick in his hand. A man hung there a bunch of hashaf. He struck the bunch with the stick, and said: If the owner of this sadaqah (alms) wishes to give a better one than it, he would give. The owner of this sadaqah will eat hashaf on the Day of Judgment.
The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) gave a decision between two men, and the one against whom the decision was given turned away and said: For me Allah sufficeth, and He is the best dispenser of affairs. The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allah, Most High, blames for falling short, but apply intelligence, and when the matter gets the better of you, say; For me Allah sufficeth, and He is the best disposer of affairs.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allah will not gather two swords upon this community: Its own sword and the sword of its enemy.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "One came to me from my Lord and gave me a choice between half of my people entering Paradise and intercession, and I chose intercession. It will apply to those who have died and have associated nothing with Allah."
Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said prayer on the dead body, and I remembered his prayer: 'O Allah! forgive him, have mercy upon him, give him peace and absolve him. Receive him with honour and make his grave spacious; wash him with water, snow and hail. Cleanse him from faults as Thou wouldst cleanse a white garment from impurity. Requite him with an abode more excellent than his, with a family better than his family, and with a mate better than his mate. Admit him to the Garden, and protect him from the torment of the grave and the torment of the Fire." (Awf ibn Malik) said: I earnestly desired that I were this dead body.
A man from the Himyar tribe killed an enemy and wanted to take the booty. Khalid ibn Walid, who was the commander over them, forbade him. Awf ibn Malik (the narrator) came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and informed him (to this effect). The latter asked Khalid: What prevented you from giving the booty to him? Khalid said: I thought it was too much. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Hand it over to him. Now when Khalid passed by Awf, the latter pulled him by his cloak and said (by way of chaffing him): Hasn't the same thing happened as that which I reported to you from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)? When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) heard it, he was angry (and said): Khalid, don't give it to him, Khalid, don't give it to him. Are you going to desert the commanders appointed by me? Your similitude and theirs is like a person who took camels and sheep for grazing. He grazed them and when it was time for them to have a drink, he brought them to a pool. So they drank from it, drinking away its clear water and leaving the turbid water below. So the clear water (i.e. the best reward) is for you and the turbid water (i.e. blame) is for them.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: The best of your rulers are those whom you love and who love you, who invoke God's blessings upon you and you invoke His blessings upon them. And the worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you and whom you curse and who curse you. It was asked (by those present): Shouldn't we overthrow them with the help of the sword? He said: No, as long as they establish prayer among you. If you then find anything detestable in them, you should hate their administration, but do not withdraw yourselves from their obedience.
I stood up to pray along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him); he got up and recited Surat al-Baqarah (Surah 2). When he came to a verse which spoke of mercy, he stopped and made supplication, and when he came to verse which spoke of punishment, he stopped and sought refuge in Allah, then he bowed and paused as long as he stood (reciting Surah al-Baqarah), and said while bowing, "Glory be to the Possessor of greatness, the Kingdom, grandeur and majesty." :Then he prostrated himself and paused as long as he stood up and recited Surat Aal Imran (Surah 3) and then recited many surahs one after another.
I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: Only a ruler, or one put in charge, or one who is presumptuous, gives instructions.
We, nine, eight or seven men, were in the company of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and he said: Why don't you pledge allegiance to the Messenger of Allah?-- whereas we had recently pledged allegiance. So we said: Messenger of Allah, we have already pledged allegiance to you. He again said: Why don't you pledge allegiance to the Messenger of Allah? And we said: Messenger of Allah, we have already pledged allegiance to you. He again said: Why don't you pledge allegiance to the Messenger of Allah? We stretched out our hands and said: Messenger of Allah, we have already pledged allegiance to you. Now tell us (in what things) should we pledge allegiance to you. He said: (You must pledge allegiance) that you will worship Allah only and will not associate anything with Him, (and observe) five prayers, and obey---(and he said one thing in an undertone)---that you would not beg for anything from other people. (As a consequence of that) I saw that some of these people did not ask anyone to pick up the whip for them if it fell down.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) gave judgement that the killer should have what was taken from the man he killed, and did not make this subject to division into fifths.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I and a woman whose cheeks have become black shall on the Day of Resurrection be like these two (pointing to the middle and forefinger), i.e. a woman of rank and beauty who has been bereft of her husband and devotes herself to her fatherless children till they go their separate ways or die.
We practised incantation in the pre-Islamic days and we said: Allah's Messenger, what is your opinion about it? He said: Let me know your incantation and said: There is no harm in the incantation which does not smack of polytheism.
Uthman ibn Abdullah ibn Aws ath-Thaqafi, on his grandfather's authority, reported Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) as saying, "A man's recitation of the Qur'an without using a copy of it produces a thousand degrees of reward, but his recitation while using a copy is double that, reaching two thousand degrees."
Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu'ab al-Iman.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet. Abbad (a sub-narrator) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to the well of a people. Musaddad did not mention the words Midat (a place where ablution is performed), and Kazamah (well). Then both agreed on the wording:"He performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet."
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me. The people asked: Apostle of Allah, how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed? He replied: Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "If anyone washes and bathes on Friday, goes out early walking, not riding, goes near to the imam and listens without interrupting, he will have the reward of a year's fasting and praying for every step he takes."
Tirmidhi, AbuDawud, Nasa'i and Ibn Majah transmitted it.
I heard the apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: If anyone makes (his wife) wash and he washes himself on Friday, goes out early (for Friday prayer), attends the sermon from the beginning, walking, not riding, takes his seat near the imam, listens attentively, and does not indulge in idle talk, he will get the reward of a year's fasting and praying at night for every step he takes.
We came upon the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) in a deputation of Thaqif. The signatories of the pact came to al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah as his guests. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) made Banu-Malik stay in a tent of his. Musaddad's version says: He was in the deputation of Thaqif which came to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). He used to visit and have a talk with us every day after the night prayer. The version of AbuSa'id says: He remained standing for such a long time (talking to us) that he put his weight sometimes on one leg and sometimes on the other due to his long stay. He mostly told us how his people, the Quraysh, behaved with him. He would say: We were not equal; we were weak and degraded at Mecca (according to Musaddad's version). When we came over to Medina the fighting began between us; sometimes we overcome them and at other times they overcome us. One night he came late and did not come at the time he used to come. We asked him: You came late tonight? He said: I could not recite the fixed part of the Qur'an that I used to recite every day. I disliked to come till I had completed it. Aws said: I asked the companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him): How do you divide the Qur'an for daily recitation? They said: Three surahs, five surahs, eleven surahs, thirteen surahs' mufassal surahs.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Act differently from the Jews, for they do not pray in their sandals or their shoes.
Ayfa' told of a man who asked Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) which surah of the Qur'an was greatest and was told that it was "Say, He is Allah, One." He asked which verse of the Qur'an was greatest and was told that it was the Throne Verse, "Allah, there is no god but He, the Living, the Eternal." He asked Allah's Prophet which verse he would like to bring good to him and his people and was told, "The end of surat al-Baqarah, for it is one of the treasures of Allah's mercy from under His throne, which He gave to these people, and there is no good in this world and the next, which it does not include."
Darimi transmitted it.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "These people will continue to prosper as long as they give this sacredness due respect, but when they squander that they will perish."
Ibn Majah transmitted it.
regarding an animal, e.g., a mouse or some other animal that had fallen into solid or liquid oil or butter-fat: I had been informed that a mouse had died in butter-fat whereupon Allah's Apostle ordered that the butter-fat near it be thrown away and the rest of the butter-fat can be eaten.
On the day of Badr, (Quraishi) emigrants received 100 shares of the war booty."
We went to Anas bin Malik and complained about the wrong we were suffering at the hand of Al-Hajjaj. Anas bin Malik said, "Be patient till you meet your Lord, for no time will come upon you but the time following it will be worse than it. I heard that from the Prophet."
The Prophet said, "One would rather take a rope and cut wood and carry it (than ask others)."
The Prophet said, "No doubt, one had better take a rope (and cut) and tie a bundle of wood and sell it whereby Allah will keep his face away (from Hell-fire) rather than ask others who may give him or not."
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "It is better for anyone of you to take a rope (and cut) and bring a bundle of wood (from the forest) over his back and sell it and Allah will save his face (from the Hell-Fire) because of that, rather than to ask the people who may give him or not."
A man asked Ibn 'Umar about the touching of the Black Stone. Ibn 'Umar said, "I saw Allah's Apostle touching and kissing it." The questioner said, "But if there were a throng (much rush) round the Ka'ba and the people overpowered me, (what would I do?)" He replied angrily, "Stay in Yemen (as that man was from Yemen). I saw Allah's Apostle touching and kissing it."
Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah told me that 'Aisha had said, "When the Prophet became sick and his condition became serious, he requested his wives to allow him to be treated in my house, and they allowed him. He came out leaning on two men while his feet were dragging on the ground. He was walking between Al-'Abbas and another man." 'Ubaidullah said, "When I informed Ibn 'Abbas of what 'Aisha had said, he asked me whether I knew who was the second man whom 'Aisha had not named. I replied in the negative. He said, 'He was 'Ali bin Abi Talib."