I used to go to the place of prayer on the day of the breaking of the fast, and on the day of sacrifice along with the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). We would walk through a valley known as Batn Bathan till we came to the place of prayer. Then we would pray along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and return through Batn Bathan to our house.
Allah's Apostle prayed facing Baitul-Maqdis for sixteen or seventeen months but he loved to face the Ka'ba (at Mecca) so Allah revealed: "Verily, We have seen the turning of your face to the heaven!" (2.144) So the Prophet faced the Ka'ba and the fools amongst the people namely "the Jews" said, "What has turned them from their Qibla (Baitul-Maqdis) which they formerly observed" (Allah revealed): "Say: 'To Allah belongs the East and the West. He guides whom he will to a straight path'." (2.142) A man prayed with the Prophet (facing the Ka'ba) and went out. He saw some of the Ansar praying the 'Asr prayer with their faces towards Baitul-Maqdis, he said, "I bear witness that I prayed with Allah's Apostle facing the Ka'ba." So all the people turned their faces towards the Ka'ba.
(Ibn Ubayd said in the version of his tradition that his name was not Bashir, but (it was) the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) (who had) named him Bashir) We said: (to the Apostle of Allah): The collectors of sadaqah collect more than is due; can we hide our property to that proportion? He replied: "No."
When Allah bestowed Khaybar on the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) as fay' (spoils of war without fighting), he divided the whole into thirty six lots. He put aside a half, i.e. eighteen lots, for the Muslims. Each lot comprised one hundred shares, and the Prophet (peace be upon him) was with them. He received a share like the share of one of them. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) separated eighteen lots, that is, half, for his future needs and whatever befell the Muslims. These were al-Watih, al-Kutaybah, as-Salalim and their colleagues. When all this property came in the possession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and of the Muslims, they did not have sufficient labourers to work on it. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) called Jews and employed them on contract.
Bashir's name in pre-Islamic days was Zahm ibn Ma'bad. When he migrated to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). He asked: What is your name? He replied: Zahm. He said: No, you are Bashir. He (Bashir) said: When I was walking with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) he passed by the graves of the polytheists. He said: They lived before (a period of) abundant good. He said this three times. He then passed by the graves of Muslims. He said: They received abundant good. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) suddenly saw a man walking in shoes between the graves. He said: O man, wearing the shoes! Woe to thee! Take off thy shoes. So the man looked (round), When he recognized the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), he took them off and threw them away.
A man from the Ansar called Basrah said: I married a virgin woman in her veil. When I entered upon her, I found her pregnant. (I mentioned this to the Prophet). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: She will get the dower, for you made her vagina lawful for you. The child will be your slave. When she has begotten (a child), flog her (according to the version of al-Hasan). The version of Ibn AbusSari has: You people, flog her, or said: inflict hard punishment on him.
Ziyadah al-Kindi reported on the authority of Bilal that he (Bilal) came to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) to inform him about the dawn prayer. Aisha kept Bilal engaged in a matter which she asked him till the day was bright and it became fairly light. Bilal then stood up and called him to prayer and called him repeatedly. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) did not yet come out. When he came out, he led the people in prayer and he (Bilal) informed him that Aisha had kept him engaged in a matter which she asked him till it became fairly light; hence he became late in reaching him (in time). He (Bilal) said: Apostle of Allah, the dawn became fairly bright. He said: If the dawn became brighter than it is now, I would pray them (the two rak'ahs of the sunnah prayer), offer them well and in a more beautiful manner.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said to Bilal: Do not call adhan until the dawn appears clearly to you in this way, stretching his hand in latitude.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said to me: Don't pronounce these words, `Prayer is better than sleep ' in the call for prayer, but for the dawn prayer only.
Transmitted by Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "A man speaks a good word, not realising its worth, for which Allah records for him His good pleasure till the day he meets Him. A man also speaks an evil word not realising its importance for which Allah records for him His displeasure till the day he meets Him."
It is transmitted in Sharh as-Sunnah; and Malik, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted something to the same effect.
I asked: Apostle of Allah, is the (command of) cancelling hajj meant exclusively for us, or for others too? He replied: No, this is meant exclusively for you.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: He who revived a Sunnah out of my Sunan, which has died after me, for him is the reward like the reward of those who acted upon it, without any decrease in that reward. He who introduced some evil innovation which Allah and His Messenger did not approve has (a burden of sin upon him) like the sins of one who acted according to it, without their sins being mitigated thereby in the least.
Transmitted by Tirmidhi.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A man says something, not realising its import, which is pleasing to Allah, in consequence of which Allah decrees His pleasure for him till the day when he will meet Him. A man says something, not realising its import, which displeases Allah, in consequence of which Allah decrees His displeasure for him till the day when he will meet Him.
Transmitted by Malik and Tirmidhi.