I was sitting with Jabir bin Zaid and 'Amr bin Aus, and Bjalla was narrating to them in 70 A.H., the year when Musab bin Az-Zubair was the leader of the pilgrims of Basra. We were sitting at the steps of Zam-zam well and Bajala said, "I was the clerk of Juz bin Muawiya, Al-Ahnaf's paternal uncle. A letter came from 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one year before his death; and it was read: "Cancel every marriage contracted among the Magians between relatives of close kinship (marriages that are regarded illegal in Islam: a relative of this sort being called Dhu-Mahram)." 'Umar did not take the Jizya from the Magian infidels till 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf testified that Allah's Apostle had taken the Jizya from the Magians of Hajar.
I heard Hisham bin Hakim bin Hizam reciting Surat-al-Furqan during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle, and I listened to his recitation and noticed that he recited it in several ways which Allah's Apostle had not taught me. So I was on the point of attacking him in the prayer, but I waited till he finished his prayer, and then I seized him by the collar and said, "Who taught you this Surah which I have heard you reciting?" He replied, "Allah's Apostle taught it to me." I said, "You are telling a lie; by Allah! Allah's Apostle taught me (in a different way) this very Surah which I have heard you reciting." So I took him, leading him to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I heard this person reciting Surat-al-Furqan in a way that you did not teach me, and you have taught me Surat-al-Furqan." The Prophet said, "O Hisham, recite!" So he recited in the same way as I heard him recite it before. On that Allah's Apostle said, "It was revealed to be recited in this way." Then Allah's Apostle said, "Recite, O 'Umar!" So I recited it as he had taught me. Allah's Apostle then said, "It was revealed to be recited in this way." Allah's Apostle added, "The Quran has been revealed to be recited in several different ways, so recite of it that which is easier for you."
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Near the Hour you will fight with people who will wear hairy shoes; and you will also fight people with flat faces like shields."
Al-Mughirah (ibn Shu'bah) said: Umar ibn AbdulAziz gathered the family of Marwan when he was made caliph, and he said: Fadak belonged to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), and he made contributions from it, showing repeated kindness to the poor of the Banu Hashim from it, and supplying from it the cost of marriage for those who were unmarried. Fatimah asked him to give it to her, but he refused. That is how matters stood during the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) till he passed on (i.e. died). When AbuBakr was made ruler he administered it as the Prophet (peace be upon him) had done in his lifetime till he passed on. Then when Umar ibn al-Khattab was made ruler he administered it as they had done till he passed on. Then it was given to Marwan as a fief, and it afterwards came to Umar ibn AbdulAziz. Umar ibn AbdulAziz said: I consider I have no right to something which the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) refused to Fatimah, and I call you to witness that I have restored it to its former condition; meaning in the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him).
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Come near, my son, mention Allah's name, eat with your right hand and eat from what is next to you.
Amr ibn Aws and AbulSha'tha' reported that Bujalah said: I was secretary to Jaz' ibn Mu'awiyah, the uncle of Ahnaf ibn Qays. A letter came to us from Umar one year before his death, saying: Kill every magician, separate the relatives of prohibited degrees from the Magians, and forbid them to murmur (before eating). So we killed three magicians in one day, and separated from a Magian husband his wife of a prohibited degree according to the Book of Allah. He prepared abundant food and called them, and placed the sword on his thigh. They ate (the food) but did not murmur. They threw (on the ground) one or two mule-loads of silver. Umar did not take jizyah from Magians until AbdurRahman ibn Awf witnessed that the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) had taken jizyah from the Magians of Hajar.
AbulBakhtari said: I heard from a man a tradition which I liked. I said to him: Write it down for me. So he brought it clearly written to me. (It says): Al-Abbas and Ali entered upon Umar when Talhah, az-Zubayr, AbdurRahman and Sa'd were with him. They (Abbas and Ali) were disputing. Umar said to Talhah, az-Zubayr, AbdurRahman and Sa'd: Do you not know that the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: All the property of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is sadaqah (alms), except what he provided for his family for their sustenance and their clothing. We are not to be inherited. They said: Yes, indeed. He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) used to spend from his property on his family, and give the residue as sadaqah (alms). The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) then died, and AbuBakr ruled for two years. He would deal with it in the same manner as the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) did. He then mentioned a little from the tradition of Malik ibn Aws.
Malik ibn Aws al-Hadthan said: One of the arguments put forward by Umar was that he said that the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) received three things exclusively to himself: Banu an-Nadir, Khaybar and Fadak. The Banu an-Nadir property was kept wholly for his emergent needs, Fadak for travellers, and Khaybar was divided by the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) into three sections: two for Muslims, and one as a contribution for his family. If anything remained after making the contribution of his family, he divided it among the poor Emigrants.
A son of Adi ibn Adi al-Kindi said that Umar ibn AbdulAziz wrote (to his governors): If anyone asks about the places where spoils (fay') should be spent, that should be done in accordance with the decision made by Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him). The believers considered him to be just, according to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Allah has placed truth upon Umar's tongue and heart. He fixed stipends for Muslims, and provided protection for the people of other religions by levying jizyah (poll-tax) on them, deducting no fifth from it, nor taking it as booty.
Malik ibn Aws ibn al-Hadthan said: One day Umar ibn al-Khattab mentioned the spoils of war and said: I am not more entitled to this spoil of war than you; and none of us is more entitled to it than another, except that we occupy our positions fixed by the Book of Allah, Who is Great and Glorious, and the division made by the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), people being arranged according to their precedence in accepting Islam, the hardship they have endured their having children and their need.
Sa'id said: Umar ibn al-Khattab said: Blood-money is meant for the clan of the slain, and she will not inherit from the blood-money of her husband. Ad-Dahhak ibn Sufyan said: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) wrote to me that I should give a share to the wife of Ashyam ad-Dubabi from the blood-money of her husband. So Umar withdrew his opinion. Ahmad ibn Salih said: AbdurRazzaq transmitted this tradition to us from Ma'mar, from az-Zuhri on the authority of Sa'id. In this version he said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) made him governor over the bedouins.
Amr ibn Shu'ayb reported: Rabab ibn Hudhayfah married a woman and three sons were born to him from her. Their mother then died. They inherited her houses and had the right of inheritance of her freed slaves. Amr ibn al-'As was the agnate of her sons. He sent them to Syria where they died. Amr ibn al-'As then came. A freed slave of hers died and left some property. Her brothers disputed with him and brought the case to Umar ibn al-Khattab. Umar reported the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying: Whatever property a son or a father receives as an heir will go to his agnates, whoever they may be. He then wrote a document for him, witnessed by AbdurRahman ibn Awf, Zayd ibn Thabit and one other person. When AbdulMalik became caliph, they presented the case to Hisham ibn Isma'il or Isma'il ibn Hisham (the narrator is doubtful). He sent them to AbdulMalik who said: This is the decision which I have already seen. The narrator said: So he (AbdulMalik) made the decision on the basis of the document of Umar ibn al-Khattab, and that is still with us today.
A Companion of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A man asked him (the Prophet): Apostle of Allah, what are the grave sins? He replied: They are nine. He then mentioned the tradition to the same effect. This version adds: "And disobedience to the Muslim parents, and to violate the sacred House, your qiblah (direction of prayer), in your life and after death.
Salih ibn Muhammad ibn Za'idah (AbuDawud said: This Salih is AbuWaqid) said: We entered the Byzantine territory with Maslamah. A man who had been dishonest about booty was brought. He (Maslamah) asked Salim about him. He said: I heard my father narrating from Umar ibn al-Khattab from the Prophet (peace be upon him). He said: When you find a man who has been dishonest about booty, burn his property, and beat him. He beat him. He said: We found in his property a copy of the Qur'an. He again asked Salim about it. He said: Sell it and give its price in charity.
I became gay and happy, so I kissed while I was fasting, I then said: Apostle of Allah, I have done a big deed; I kissed while I was fasting. He said: What do you think if you rinse your mouth with water while you are fasting. The narrator Isa ibn Hammad said in his version: I said to him: There is no harm in it. Then both of them agreed on the version: He said: Then what?
The Prophet (peace be upon him) divorced Hafsah, but he took her back in marriage.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife.
AbulAjfa' as-Sulami said: Umar (Allah be pleased with him) delivered a speech to us and said: Do not go to extremes in giving women their dower, for if it represented honour in this world and piety in Allah's sight, the one of you most entitled to do so would have been the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) did not marry any of his wives or gave any of his daughters in marriage for more than twelve uqiyahs.
Al-Harith ibn Abdullah ibn Aws said: I came to Umar ibn al-Khattab and asked him about a woman who has performed the (obligatory) circumambulation on the day of sacrifice, and then she menstruates. He said: She must perform the last circumambulation of the House (the Ka'bah). Al-Harith said: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) told me the same thing. Umar said: May your hands fall down! You asked me about a thing that you had asked the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) so that I might oppose him.
The Arabs in the pre-Islamic period did not return from al-Muzdalifah till they saw sunlight at the mountain Thabir. The Prophet (peace be upon him) opposed them and returned before the sunrise.
Aslam said: I heard Umar ibn al-Khattab say: What is the need of walking proudly (ramal) and moving the shoulders (while going round the Ka'bah)? Allah has now strengthened Islam and obliterated disbelief and the infidels. In spite of that we shall not forsake anything that we used to do during the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him).
As-Subayy ibn Ma'bad said: I raised my voice in talbiyah for both of them (i.e. umrah and hajj). Thereupon Umar said: You were guided to the practice (sunnah) of your Prophet (peace be upon him).
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded us one day to give sadaqah. At that time I had some property. I said: Today I shall surpass AbuBakr if I surpass him any day. I, therefore, brought half my property. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) asked: What did you leave for your family? I replied: The same amount. AbuBakr brought all that he had with him. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) asked him: What did you leave for your family? He replied: I left Allah and His Apostle for them. I said: I shall never compete you in anything.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to seek refuge in Allah from five things; cowardliness, niggardliness, the evils of old age, evil thoughts, and punishment in the grave.
I sought permission of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to perform umrah. He gave me permission and said: My younger brother, do not forget me in your supplication. He (Umar) said: He told me a word that pleased me so much so that I would not have been pleased if I were given the whole world. The narrator Shu'bah said: I then met Asim at Medina. He narrated to me this tradition and reported the wordings: "My younger brother, share me in your supplication."
Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said: There were two brothers among the Ansar who shared an inheritance. When one of them asked the other for the portion due to him, he replied: If you ask me again for the portion due to you, all my property will be devoted to the decoration of the Ka'bah. Umar said to him: The Ka'bah does not need your property. Make atonement for your oath and speak to your brother. I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: An oath or vow to disobey the Lord, or to break ties of relationship or about something over which one has no control is not binding on you.
AbuMajidah said: I cut the ear of a boy, or he cut my ear (the narrator is doubtful). AbuBakr then came to us to perform hajj and we got together with him. But he referred us to Umar ibn al-Khattab. Umar (ibn al-Khattab) said: This reached the extent of retaliation. Call a cupper to me so that he may retaliate. When the cupper was called, he (Umar) said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: I gave a boy to my maternal aunt, and I hope that she will be blessed in respect of him. I said to her: Do not entrust him to a supper, nor to a goldsmith, nor to a butcher.
reported the Prophet (peace be upon him) as saying: There are people from the servants of Allah who are neither prophets nor martyrs; the prophets and martyrs will envy them on the Day of Resurrection for their rank from Allah, the Most High. They (the people) asked: Tell us, Apostle of Allah, who are they? He replied: They are people who love one another for the spirit of Allah (i.e. the Qur'an), without having any mutual kinship and giving property to one. I swear by Allah, their faces will glow and they will be (sitting) in (pulpits of) light. They will have no fear (on the Day) when the people will have fear, and they will not grieve when the people will grieve. He then recited the following Qur'anic verse: "Behold! Verily for the friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve."
Umar said while he was (sitting) on the pulpit: O people, the opinion from the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) was right, because Allah showed (i.e. inspired) him; but from us it is sheer conjecture and artifice.
When the prohibition of wine (was yet to be) declared, Umar said: O Allah, give us a satisfactory explanation about wine. So the following verse of Surat al-Baqarah revealed; "They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say: In them is great sin...." Umar was then called and it was recited to him. He said: O Allah, give us a satisfactory explanation about wine. Then the following verse of Surat an-Nisa' was revealed: "O ye who believe! approach not prayers with a mind befogged...." Thereafter the herald of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) would call when the (congregational) prayer was performed: Beware, one who is drunk should not come to prayer. Umar was again called and it was recited to him). He said: O Allah, give us a satisfactory explanation about wine. This verse was revealed: "Will ye not then abstain?" Umar said: We abstained.
Qatadah reported Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) as saying: If anyone gets possession of a relative who is within the prohibited degrees, that person becomes free.
Ibn az-Zubayr told that a woman client of theirs took az-Zubayr's daughter to Umar ibn al-Khattab wearing bells on her legs. Umar cut them off and said that he had heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: There is a devil along with each bell.
I did not send my collectors (of zakat) so that they strike your bodies and that they take your property. If that is done with someone and he appeals to me, I shall take retaliation on him. Amr ibn al-'As said: If any man (i.e. governor) inflicts disciplinary punishment on his subjects, would you take retaliation on him too? He said: Yes, by Him in Whose hand my soul is, I shall take retaliation on him. I saw that the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) has given retaliation on himself.
Ibn Abbas said: Umar asked about the decision of the Prophet (peace be upon him) about that (i.e. abortion) Haml ibn Malik ibn an-Nabighah got up and said: I was between two women. One of them struck another with a rolling-pin killing both her and what was in her womb. So the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) gave judgment that the blood-wit for the unborn child should be a male or a female slave of the best quality and that she should be killed.
Tawus said: Umar stood on the pulpit. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect as mentioned before. He did not mention "that she should be killed". This version adds: "a male or a female slave". Umar then said: Allah is Most Great. Had I not heard it, we would have decided about it something else.
Al-Aqra', the mu'adhdhin (announcer) of Umar ibn al-Khattab said: Umar sent me to a bishop and I called him. Umar said to him: Do you find me in the Book? He said: Yes. He asked: How do you find me? He said: I find you (like a) castle. Then he raised a whip to him, saying: What do you mean by castle? He replied: An iron castle and severely trustworthy. He asked: How do you find the one who will come after me? He said: I find him a pious caliph, except that he will prefer his relatives. Umar said: May Allah have mercy on Uthman: He said it three times. He then asked: How do you find the one who will come after him? He replied: I find him like rusty iron. Umar then put his hand on his head, and said: O filthy! O filthy! He said: Commander of the Faithful! He is a pious caliph, but when he is made caliph, the sword will be unsheathed and blood will be shed.
Muslim ibn Yasar al-Juhani said: When Umar ibn al-Khattab was asked about the verse "When your Lord took their offspring from the backs of the children of Adam" - al-Qa'nabi recited the verse--he said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say when he was questioned about it: Allah created Adam, then passed His right hand over his back, and brought forth from it his offspring, saying: I have these for Paradise and these will do the deeds of those who go to Paradise. He then passed His hand over his back and brought forth from it his offspring, saying: I have created these for Hell, and they will do the deeds of those who go to Hell. A man asked: What is the good of doing anything, Apostle of Allah? The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: When Allah creates a servant for Paradise, He employs him in doing the deeds of those who will go to Paradise, so that his final action before death is one of the deeds of those who go to Paradise, for which He will bring him into Paradise. But when He creates a servant for Hell, He employs him in doing the deeds of those who will go to Hell, so that his final action before death is one of the deeds of those who go to Hell, for which He will bring him into Hell.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: the same occasion: Help the oppressed (sorrowful) and guide those who have lost their way.
Masruq said: I met Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) who said: Who are you? I replied: Masruq ibn al-Ajda'. Umar then said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: al-Ajda' (mutilated) is a devil.
Zayd ibn Aslam quoted his father as saying: Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) struck one of his sons who was given the kunyah AbuIsa, and al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah had the kunyah AbuIsa. Umar said to him: Is it not sufficient for you that you are called by the kunyah AbuAbdullah? He replied: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) gave me this kunyah. Thereupon he said: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) was forgiven all his sins, past and those followed. But we are among the people similar to us. Henceforth he was called by the kunyah AbuAbdullah until he died.
Umar heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: 'If you put your faith completely in Allah, He will arrange for your sustenance in the same way as He provides for the birds. They go out in the morning with their stomachs empty and return filled in the evening.'
Transmitted by Tirmidhi.
Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) saw me passing urine while standing. Thereupon he said: Umar, don't urinate while standing. And afterwards I never passed urine while standing.
Transmitted by Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.
The supplication is stopped between Heaven and Earth and none of it ascends till you invoke blessing on your Prophet.
Transmitted by Tirmidhi.
Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) sent a detachment towards Najd. There fell many spoils of war to its lot and it came back quickly. Someone amongst us who had not set out (with this detachment) said: We have never seen a detachment coming back so quickly and with so much spoils of war as this detachment. Thereupon Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: May I not inform you of people with more spoils of war and better return? Those who participate in the dawn prayer and then sit down to remember Allah till the sunrise, are the ones whose return is quicker and spoils more excellent.
Tirmidhi transmitted it and said: This is a gharib hadith and Hammad ibn AbuHumayd is weak as a transmitter of hadith.
I heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying: Four rak'ahs preceding the noon (obligatory rak'ahs) after the sun has passed the meridian are counted equivalent to a similar number in the dawn prayer and there is nothing which does not glorify Allah at that hour. He then recited this: `Their shadows return from the right and left making obeisance to Allah while they are in utter abasement.' (16:48)
Transmitted by Tirmidhi and Bayhaqi in Shu'ab al-Iman.
Allah's Messenger said, "When you visit an invalid tell him to make supplication for you, for his supplication is like that of the angels.,
Ibn Majah transmitted it.
When Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) raised his hands in supplication he did not lower them till he wiped his face with them.
Tirmidhi transmitted it.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, If anyone says on entering the market, "There is no god but Allah alone Who has no partner, to Whom belongs the dominion, to Whom praise is due, Who gives life and causes death while He is living and does not die, in Whose hand is good, and Who is Omnipotent," Allah will record for him a million good deeds, obliterate from him a million evil deeds, raise him a million degrees, and build him a house in Paradise.
Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a gharib tradition. Sharh as-Sunnah has, "Says in a general market in which things are sold," instead of "on entering the market."
When inspiration was sent down to the Prophet (peace be upon him), a low sound was heard near his face like the humming of bees. One day when inspiration was sent down to him and we had waited for a time, it left him, then facing the qiblah and raising his hands, he said, "O Allah, give us more and do not give us less; honour us and do not humiliate us; give us and do not withhold from us; choose us and do not prefer others to us; please us and be pleased with us." He then said, "I have had sent down to me ten verses which will provide entrance to Paradise for those who recite them." He then recited, "The believers have been successful" and continued till he had completed ten verses.
Ahmad and Tirmidhi transmitted it.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) taught him to say, "O Allah, make my inner nature better than my outer, and make my outer nature good. O Allah, I ask Thee to give me some of the abundance thou givest to men, in family, property and children, which neither strays nor leads astray."
Tirmidhi transmitted it.
The last verse to be sent down was that on usury, but Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) was taken without having expounded it to us; so leave aside usury and whatever is doubtful.
Ibn Majah and Darimi transmitted it.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "He who brings goods for sale is blessed with good fortune, but he who keeps them till the price rises is accursed."
Ibn Majah and Darimi transmitted it.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whenever a man is alone with a woman the Devil makes a third."
Tirmidhi transmitted it.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) forbade withdrawing the penis from a free woman unless she gives permission.
Ibn Majah transmitted it.
Fadalah ibn Ubayd told of hearing Umar ibn al-Khattab say he had heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying, "The martyrs are of four types: (1) a believing man whose faith is good, who meets the enemy and is sincere to Allah till he is killed, and that is the one to whom men will raise their eyes on the Day of Resurrection thus" (raising his head till his cap fell off, but I do not know whether he meant Umar's cap or the Prophet's cap); (2) a believing man whose faith is good, who meets the enemy and appears as if his skin had been torn by acacia thorns through cowardice, and then is killed by a random arrow, he is in the second class; (3) a believing man who mingles a good deed with another which is bad who meets the enemy and is sincere to Allah till he is killed, that one is in the third class; (4) a believing man who has been dissipated who meets the enemy and is sincere towards Allah till he is killed, that one is in the fourth class."
Tirmidhi transmitted it, saying this is hasan gharib tradition.
Allah's Messenger said, "Eat together and not separately, for the blessing is associated with the company,"
Ibn Majah transmitted it.
AbuUmamah to that Umar put on a new garment and said, "Praise be to Allah who has clothed me with something with which to cover my nakedness and adorn myself in my lifetime." He then told that he had heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) say that if anyone who put on a new garment said, "Praise be to Allah who has clothed me with something with which to cover my nakedness and adorn myself in my lifetime," then took the old garment and gave it as sadaqah, he would be in Allah's protection, guardianship and shelter both when alive and when dead.
Ahmad, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a gharib tradition.
Umar heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) say, "If you were to trust in Allah genuinely He would give you provision as He does for the birds which go out hungry in the morning and come back full in the evening."
Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it.
Umar went out one day to the mosque of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and found Mu'adh ibn Jabal sitting by the Prophet's grave, weeping. He asked what was making him weep and he replied that it was something he had heard from Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him). He had heard him say, "a little hypocrisy is polytheism, and anyone who is hostile to a friend of Allah has gone forth to fight Allah. Allah loves the upright, pious and retiring ones who are not missed when they are absent and are not given invitations or treated with honour when they are present. Their hearts are the lamps of guidance, and they come forth from every dusty and dark place."
Ibn Majah and Bayhaqi, in Shu'ab al-Iman transmitted it.
AbuBakr is our chief, the best among us, and the one of us who is dearest to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him).
Tirmidhi transmitted it.
Umar allotted to Usamah three thousand five hundred and to Abdullah ibn Umar three thousand, so Abdullah ibn Umar said to his father, "Why have you treated Usamah as superior to me? I swear by Allah that he has never reached to any battle before me." He replied, "It is because Zayd was dearer to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) than your father and Usamah was dearer to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) than you, so I have given preference to the one who was beloved by Allah's Messenger over the one who is loved by me."
Tirmidhi transmitted it.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "I saw a pillar of light which came forth from under my head and spread till it settled in Syria."
Bayhaqi transmitted it in Dala'il an-Nubuwwah.
A person performed ablution and left small part equal to the space of a nail (unwashed). The Apostle (peace be upon him) saw that and said: Go back and perform ablution well. He then went back (performed ablution well) and offered the prayer.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: When the Mu'adhdhin says: Allah is the Greatest, one of you should make this response: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. (When the Mu'adhdhin) says: I testify that there is no god but Allah, one should respond: I testify that there is no god but Allah. When he says: I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, one should make the response: I testify that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger. When he (the Mu'adhdhin) says: Come to prayer, one should make the response: There is no might and no power except with Allah. When he (the Mu'adhdhin) says: Come to salvation, one should respond: There is no might and no power except with Allah. When he (the Mu'adhdhin) says: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, then make the response: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. When he (the Mu'adhdhin) says: There is no god but Allah, he will enter Paradise.
Umar delivered the Friday sermon and he mentioned the Apostle (peace be upon him) and AbuBakr. He (further) said: I saw in a dream that a cock pecked me twice, and I perceive that my death is near. Some people have suggested that appoint my successor. Allah will not destroy His religion, His caliphate and that with which He sent His Apostle (peace be upon him). If death come to me soon, the (issue of) caliphate (will be decided) by the consent of these six men with whom the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) remained well pleased until his death. I know full well that some people would blame me for kill with these very hands of mine some persons who apparently professed (Islam). If they do this (blame me) they are the enemies of Allah, and are non-believers; they have gone astray. I do not leave after me anything which to my mind seems more important than Kalalah. I never turned towards the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) (for guidance) more often than this Kalalah, and he (the Holy Prophet) was not annoyed with me on any other (issue) than this. (He was so perturbed) that he struck his fingers on my chest and said: Does this verse, that is at the end of Surat an-Nisa', which was revealed in the hot season, not suffice you? And if I live longer I would decide this (problem so clearly) that one who reads the Qur'an, or one who does not read it, would be able to make (correct) decisions (under its light). He (Umar) further said: Allah! I call You witness to these governors of lands, that I sent them to (the peoples of these lands) so that they might administer justice amongst them, teach them their religion, and the Sunnah of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), distribute amongst them the spoils of war and refer to me that which they find difficult to perform. O people, you eat these two plants, onions and garlic, and I find them extremely repugnant for I saw that when the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) sensed the odour of these two from someone in a mosque, he was made to go to al-Baqi'. So he who eats it should kill (its odour) by cooking it well.
Ya'la ibn Umayyah said, "I told Umar that Allah had said: "You may shorten the prayer only if you fear that those who are unbelievers may afflict you" (Qur'an, iv.101) whereas the people are now safe. He replied: I wondered about it in the same away as you wonder about it, so I asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) about it and he said: It is an act of charity which Allah has done to you, so accept His charity.
Jubayr ibn Nufayr reported: I went along with Shurahbil ibn as-Simt to a village which was situated at a distance of seventeen or eighteen miles and he said only two rak'ahs of prayer. I said to him (about it) and he said: I saw Umar observing two rak'ahs at Dhul-Hulayfah and I (too) said to him (about it) and he said: I am doing the same as I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) doing. (This hadith has been transmitted by Shu'bah with the same chain of narrators and it is narrated from Simt, and the name of Shurahbil has not been mentioned, and he said that he had gone to a place called Dumin, situated at a distance of eighteen miles from Hims.)
Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: Should anyone fall asleep and fail to recite his portion of the Qur'an, or a part of it, if he recites it between the dawn prayer and the noon prayer, it will be recorded for him as though he had recited it during the night.
Amir ibn Wathilah reported that Nafi ibn AbdulHarith met Umar at Usfan and Umar had employed him as collector in Mecca. He (Umar) said to him (Nafi'): Whom have you appointed as collector over the people of the valley? He said: Ibn Abza. He said: Who is Ibn Abza? He said: He is one of our freed slave. He (Umar) said: So you have appointed a freed slave over them. He said: He is well versed in the Book of Allah, the Exalted and Great, and he is well versed in the commandments and injunctions (of the Shari'ah). Umar said: So the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: By this Book, Allah would exalt some peoples and degrade others.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) distributed something, Upon this I said: Messenger of Allah, I swear by God, the others besides them were more deserving than these (to whom you gave charity). He said: They had in fact left no other alternative for me, but (That they should) either beg importunately from me or they would regard me as a miser, but I am not a miser.
Umar asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him): Should one observing fast kiss (his wife)? The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to him: Ask her (Umm Salamah). She informed him that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did that, whereupon he said: Messenger of Allah, Allah pardoned thee all thy sins, the previous and the later ones. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: By Allah, I am the most God-conscious among you and I fear Him most among you.
Suwayd ibn Ghafalah reported: I saw Umar (Allah be pleased with him) kissing the Stone and clinging to it and saying: I saw Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) having great love for you. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Sufyan with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are): "That he (Umar) said: But I saw AbulQasim (peace be upon him) having great love for you." And he did not mention about clinging to it.
Umar ibn al-Khattab delivered a sermon on Friday and made a mention of Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) and he also made a mention of AbuBakr and then said: I do not leave behind me any problem more difficult than that of Kalalah. I did not refer to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) more repeatedly than in case of the problem of Kalalah, and he (the Prophet) never showed more annoyance to me than in regard to this problem, so much so that he struck my chest with his fingers and said: Umar, does the verse revealed in summer season, at the end of Surat an-Nisa' not suffice you? Umar (then) said: If I live I would give such verdict about (Kalalah) that everyone would be able to decide whether he reads the Qur'an or he does not.
I acquired land from the lands of Khaybar. I came to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and said: I have acquired a piece of land. Never have I acquired land more loved by me and more cherished by me than this. The rest of the hadith is the same (as in No. 4006), but he made no mention of this: "I narrated it to Muhammad" and what follows.
Umar heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: I will expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula and will not leave any but Muslims.
Adi ibn Hatim reported: I came to Umar ibn al-Khattab and he said to me: The first consignment of Sadaqah brought to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) which brightened the face of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and the faces of his companions was that of Tayyi.
Usayr ibn Jabir reported that a delegation from Kufah came to Umar and there was a person amongst them who jeered at Uways. Thereupon Umar said: Is there amongst us one from Qarn? That person came and Umar said: Verily Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) has said: There would come to you a person from Yemen who would be called Uways and he would leave none in Yemen (behind him) except his mother, and he would have the whiteness (due to leprosy) and he supplicated Allah and it was cured except for the size of a dinar or dirham. He who amongst you meets him should ask him to supplicate for forgiveness (from Allah) for you.
Usayr ibn Jabir reported that when people from Yemen came to help (the Muslim army at the time of Jihad) he asked them: Is there amongst you Uways ibn Amir? (He continued looking for him) until he met Uways. He said: Are you Uways ibn Amir? He said: Yes. He said: Are you from the tribe of Qaran? He said: Yes. He (Umar) (again) said: Did you suffer from leprosy and then you were cured of it except for a patch the size of a dirham? He said: Yes. He (Umar) said: Is your mother (living)? He said: Yes. He (Umar) said: I heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) say: There will come to you Uways ibn Amr with the reinforcements from the people of Yemen. (He will be) from Qaran, (the branch) of Murad. He has suffered from leprosy, of which he has been cured except for a patch the size of a dirham. His treatment of his mother has been excellent. If he were to take an oath in the name of Allah He would honour it. If it is possible for you, then do ask him to beg forgiveness for you (from your Lord). So he (Uways) begged forgiveness for him. Umar said: Where do you intend to go? He said: To Kufah. He (Umar) said: Let me write a letter for you to its governor. Thereupon he (Uways) said: I love to live amongst the poor people. The following year, a man from the elite (of Kufah) performed Hajj and he met Umar. He asked him about Uways. He said: I left him in a state of meagre means of sustenance. (Thereupon) Umar said: I heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying: There will come to you Uways ibn Amir, of Qaran, a branch (of the tribe) of Murad, with the reinforcements of the people of Yemen. He has been suffered from leprosy, which has been cured except for a patch the size of a dirham. His treatment of his mother has been very kind. If he took an oath in the name of Allah (for something) he would honour it. Ask him to beg forgiveness for you (from Allah) if it is possible for you. So he came to Uways and said: Beg forgiveness (from Allah) for me. He (Uways) said: You have just come from a sacred journey (Hajj); you therefore ask forgiveness for me. He (the person who had performed Hajj) said: Ask forgiveness for me (from Allah). He (Uways) again said: You have just come from the sacred journey, so you ask forgiveness for me. (Uways further) said: Did you meet Umar? He said: Yes. He (Uways) then begged forgiveness for him (from Allah). So the people came to know about (the status of religious piety) of Uways. He went away (from that place). Usayr said: His clothing consisted of a mantle, and whoever saw him said: Where did Uways find this mantle?
Umar made a mention of what had fallen to the lot of people out of the material world and he said: I saw Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) spend the whole day being upset because of hunger and he could not get even an inferior quality of dates with which he could fill his belly.
Umar said, "Learn the rules of inheritance," Ibn Mas'ud adding, ".. of divorce and of the pilgrimage," and both saying, "for it pertains to your religion."
Darimi transmitted it.
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, If anyone says, on seeing someone who is suffering affliction, "Praise be to Allah who has kept me free from the affliction He has brought on him and has shown me favour above many whom He has created," that affliction, whatever it may be, will not smite him.
Tirmidhi transmitted it, and Ibn Majah transmitted it from Ibn Umar. Tirmidhi said this is a gharib tradition, and Amr ibn dinar, the transmitter, is not strong.
AbuzZubayr reported: I asked Jabir about (the eating) of the lizard, whereupon he said: Don't eat that, as he (the Prophet) felt disgust. He (the narrator) said that Umar ibn al-Khattab remarked: Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) did not declare it to be unlawful. Allah, the Exalted and Majestic, has (made it a source) of benefit for more than one (persons). It is a common diet of the shepherds. Had it been with me, I would have eaten that.
One day when the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) was sitting, his foster-father came forward. He spread out of a part of his garment and he sit on it. Then his mother came forward to him and he spread out the other side of his garment and she sat on it. Again , his foster-brother came forward. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) stood for him and seated him before himself.
A man from Basrah said: Tell me what you heard from the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: No one will enter Hell who has prayed before the rising of the sun and before its setting (meaning the dawn and the afternoon prayers). He said three times: Have you heard it from him? He replied: Yes, each time saying: My ears heard it and my heart memorised it. The man then said: And I heard him (the Prophet) say that.
Umarah saw Bishr ibn Marwan on the pulpit raising his hands and said: Allah, disfigure these hands! I have seen Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) gesture no more than this with his hands, and he pointed with his forefinger.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a wooden vessel under his bed in which he would urinate at night.
I swore allegiance to the Prophet (peace be upon him) along with some women and he said to us, "As far as you are able and are capable." I said, "Allah and His Messenger are more merciful to us than we are to ourselves." I asked Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) to ratify our covenant, meaning to shake hands with us, but he replied, "I say the same to a hundred women as I do to one."
Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, and Ibn Majah transmitted it.
I was the slave (of AbulLahm). I asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) if I could give some charity out of the master's wealth. He said: Yes, and the reward is half and half between you two.
I was present at Khaybar along with my masters who spoke about me to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). He ordered about me, and a sword was girded on me and I was trailing it. He was then informed that I was a slave. He, therefore, ordered that I should be given some inferior goods.
Umayr saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) praying for rain at Ahjar az-Zayt near az-Zawra', standing, making supplication, praying for rain and raising his hands in front of his face, but not lifting them above his head.
Umayyah was sitting and a man was eating. He did not mention Allah's name until there remained the last morsel. When he raised it to his mouth, he said: In the name of Allah at the beginning and at the end of it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) laughed and said: The devil kept eating along with him, but when he mentioned Allah's name, he vomited what was in his belly.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) visited me while I was sick. He said: Be glad, Umm al-Ala' for Allah removes the sins of a Muslim for his illness as fire removes the dross of gold and silver.
A bedouin came to Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) when he was in my house and said: Allah's Apostle, I have had a wife and I married another besides her, and my first wife claimed that she had suckled once or twice my newly married wife, thereupon Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: One suckling or two do not make the (marriage) unlawful.
Umm al-Fadl went in to see Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and said, "Messenger of Allah, I had an objectionable dream last night." He asked what it was and she replied, "It was terrible." He asked, "But what was it?" She replied, "I seemed to see a piece of your body cut off and placed in my lap." He said, "You have seen something good. If Allah wills Fatimah will give birth to a son who will be in your lap." Fatimah then gave birth to al-Husayn who was placed in her lap as Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) had said. One day she went in to see Allah's messenger and placed him in his lap. She turned round, and noticing tears falling from the eyes of Allah's Messenger, she said, "Prophet of Allah, for whom I would give my father and mother as ransom, what is the matter with you?" He replied, "Gabriel came to me and informed me that my people will kill this son of mine." She asked if he really meant this one and he replied, "Yes, and he brought me a piece of red earth."
Bayhaqi transmitted it in Dala'il an-Nubuwwah.