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7. The Caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar

18. Uthman's Concept of the Caliphate

19. Governors of Uthman

22. Campaigns Against Nubia

25. Conquest of the Island of Cypress

26. Campaigns in Syria, Armenia, and Asia Minor

32. Transoxiana

35. Abdur Rahman bin Auf

50. Naila's Letter to Amir Muawiyah

52. What the Companions Said About Uthman's Assasination

59. Politics in the time of Uthman

In his elegy Ka'ab b Malik Ansari said:

"O Ka'ab b Malik what has happened to the people,

Why have they been bereft of their senses,

Why have they been guilty of the murder of their Caliph.

My eyes are flooded with tears

I am overwhelmed with grief at the death of Uthman.

It appears as if the earth has been rent asunder by an earthquake.

On the death of the Caliph

Even the stars have lost their luster and gone into


The sun stands eclipsed,

The earth has been enveloped in complete darkness.

Verily Uthman is a martyr.

He died defending the Truth;

His reward is with his God.

How generous and magnanimous was he?

What large bounties did he give to the people?

What a large number of orphans did he support?

How many widows were cared for by him?

He met every one with a smiling face;

He shared the distress of every one;

His heart flowed with the milk of human kindness.

Alas such a man is now no more!"

He has fallen a victim to the blows of misguided persons.

His murderers have forfeited the right to be called Muslims.

Grievous penalty awaits them both here and in the here after.

They will roast in the fire of hell.

O Uthman, Ka'ab grieves for you,

You were so good, so kind and so noble,

I bear witness to your generosity, your magnanimity and your large heartedness."