There are many ifs and buts in history. In the history of mankind we come across events which cast their shadow across the corridor of time, and change the very course of history. The assassination of Uthman is one of such events in the annals of mankind which cast its fateful shadow on the coming events. The tragedy of the assassination of Uthman does not merely excite feelings of pathos and grief; it provides ample material to ponder and reflect. The assassination of Uthman was not merely the death of one man, it was as a matter of fact the assassination of values for which Islam stood. It was not merely the murder of a Caliph, it amounted to the assassination of the institution of the caliph itself. Again the assassination of Uthman was a tragedy which did not end with his death; it set the stage for other tragedies.