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7. The Caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar

18. Uthman's Concept of the Caliphate

19. Governors of Uthman

22. Campaigns Against Nubia

25. Conquest of the Island of Cypress

26. Campaigns in Syria, Armenia, and Asia Minor

32. Transoxiana

35. Abdur Rahman bin Auf

50. Naila's Letter to Amir Muawiyah

52. What the Companions Said About Uthman's Assasination

59. Politics in the time of Uthman

The Holy Prophet did not nominate a successor. On the death of the Holy Prophet, Abu Bakr was elected as the Caliph. According to some accounts it appears that Ali did not offer allegiance to Abu Bakr, and that he offered such allegiance after six months when Fatima had died. According to other accounts, Ali offered allegiance to Abu Bakr soon after his election.

After Abu Bakr, Umar became the Caliph. During the caliphate of Umar, Ali was a member of the Majlis-i-Shura, and he fully cooperated with Umar