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Period of Revelation

This Surah is one of the earliest Surahs revealed at Makkah.

Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance
  1. A scene from the scenes of the Doomsday.
  2. The Qur'an is conveyed to the Prophet through angel Gabriel.
  3. This message of The Qur'an is for all the people of the world.

This Surah has two themes:

  1. The Hereafter and
  2. The Institution of Risalat (Prophethood).

The first six verses mention the first stage of the Resurrection when the sun will lose its light, the stars will scatter, the mountains will be uprooted and will disperse, the people will become heedless of their dearest possessions, the beasts of the jungle will be stupefied and will gather together, and the seas will boil up. Then the next seven verses mention the second stage when the souls will be reunited with their bodies, the records will be laid open, the people will be called to account for their crimes, the heavens will be unveiled, and Hell and Heaven will be brought into full view. After depicting the Hereafter this way, man has been left to ponder his own self and deeds, saying: "Then each man shall himself know what he has brought with him."

The people of Makkah are addressed: "Whatever Muhammad (pbuh) is presenting before you, is not the bragging of a madman, nor an evil suggestion inspired by Satan, but the word of a noble, exalted and trustworthy messenger sent by God, whom Muhammad (pbuh) has seen with his own eyes in the bright horizon of the clear sky in broad day light."