Introduction to Nisaa
Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said that Surat An-Nisa' was revealed in Al-Madinah. Ibn Marduwyah recorded similar statements from `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr and Zayd bin Thabit. In his Mustadrak, Al-Hakim recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, "There are five Ayat in Surat An-Nisa' that I would prefer to the life of this world and all that is in it,
(Surely, Allah wrongs not even the weight of an atom,) ﴿4:40﴾,
(If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do) ﴿4:31﴾,
(Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills) ﴿4:48﴾,
(If they (hypocrites), when they had been unjust to themselves, had come to you) ﴿4:64﴾, and,
(And whoever does evil or wrongs himself, but afterwards seeks Allah's forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful) ﴿4:110﴾.'' Al-Hakim recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, "Ask me about Surat An-Nisa', for I learned the Qur'an when I was still young.'' Al-Hakim said, "This Hadith is Sahih according to the criteria of the Two Sahihs, and they did not collect it.''
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful