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34
وَمَا جَعَلْنَا لِبَشَرٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ ٱلْخُلْدَ ۖ أَفَإِي۟ن مِّتَّ فَهُمُ ٱلْخَـٰلِدُونَ
35
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ ٱلْمَوْتِ ۗ وَنَبْلُوكُم بِٱلشَّرِّ وَٱلْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً ۖ وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ

وَمَا جَعَلْنَا لِبَشَرٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ الْخُلْدَ أَفَإِيْن مِّتَّ فَهُمُ الْخَـلِدُونَ - كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَنَبْلُوكُم بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ

34. And We granted not to any human being immortality before you; then if you die, would they live forever 35. Everyone is going to taste death, and We shall test you with evil and with good by way of trial. And to Us you will be returned.

No One has been granted Immortality in this World

﴿وَمَا جَعَلْنَا لِبَشَرٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ﴾

(And We granted not to any human being immortality before you;) means, O Muhammad.

﴿الْخُلْدَ﴾

(immortality) means, in this world. On the contrary,

﴿كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ - وَيَبْقَى وَجْهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو الْجَلْـلِ وَالإِكْرَامِ ﴾

(Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of majesty and honor will remain forever.) ﴿55:26-27﴾.

﴿أَفَإِيْن مِّتَّ﴾

(then if you die) means, O Muhammad,

﴿فَهُمُ الْخَـلِدُونَ﴾

(would they live forever) means, they hope that they will live forever after you, but that will not happen; everything will pass away. So Allah says:

﴿كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ﴾

(Everyone is going to taste death,)

﴿وَنَبْلُوكُم بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً﴾

(and We shall test you with evil and with good by way of trial. ) Meaning, "We shall test you, sometimes with difficulties and sometimes with ease, to see who will give thanks and who will be ungrateful, who will have patience and who will despair.'' `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas:

﴿وَنَبْلُوكُم﴾

(and We shall test you) means, We will test you,

﴿بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً﴾

(with evil and with good by way of trial.) means, with difficulties and with times of prosperity, with health and sickness, with richness and poverty, with lawful and unlawful, obedience and sin, with guidance and misguidance.

﴿وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ﴾

(And to Us you will be returned.) means, and We will requite you according to your deeds.