1. Have We not opened your breast for you 2. And removed from you your burden. 3. Which weighed down your back 4. And have We not raised high your fame 5. Verily, along with every hardship is relief, 6. Verily, along with every hardship is relief. 7. So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship. 8. And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes.
(Have We not opened your breast for you) meaning, `have We not opened your chest for you.' This means, `We illuminated it, and We made it spacious, vast and wide.' This is as Allah says,
(And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam.) (6:125) And just as Allah expanded his chest, He also made His Law vast, wide, accommodating and easy, containing no difficulty, hardship or burden.
(And removed from you your burden.) This means
(That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future.) (48:2)
(Which weighed down your back) Al-Inqad means the sound. And more than one of the Salaf has said concerning Allah's saying,
(Which weighed down your back) meaning, `its burden weighed heavy upon you.'
(And have We not raised high your fame?) Mujahid said, "I (Allah) am not remembered except that you are remembered with Me: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."
Qatadah said , "Allah raised his fame in this life and in the Hereafter. There is no one who gives a sermon, declares the Testimony of Faith (Shahadah), or prays a prayer (Salah) except that he proclaims it: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
(Verily along with every hardship is relief. Veriliy along with every hardship is relief)
Allah informs that with difficulty there is ease, and then He reaffirms this information (by repeating it)
( So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship. And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes. )
Meaning, 'when you have completed your worldly affairs and its tasks, and you have broken away from its routine, then get up to perform the worship, and stand for it with zeal, complete devotion and purify your intention and desire for your lord.' Similar to this is the Prophet's statement in a hadith that is agreed-upon to be authentic,
There is no prayer when the food is served, nor when the two foul things (excrement and urine) are pressing a person.
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) also said,
When the prayer has started and the dinner has been served, then begin with dinner.
Mujahid said concerning this Ayah, "When you are free from the worldly affairs, and you have stood to pray, then stand up for your Lord."